Chemical Evolution across Space & Time - ACS Publications


The cover art, entitled "Shining" was created by Elizabeth. Zaikowski of San Diego, California. It is illustrative of the man- date theme seen in much...
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Downloaded by 80.82.77.83 on January 1, 2018 | http://pubs.acs.org Publication Date: February 15, 2008 | doi: 10.1021/bk-2008-0981.fw001

Chemical Evolution across Space & Time

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.

Downloaded by 80.82.77.83 on January 1, 2018 | http://pubs.acs.org Publication Date: February 15, 2008 | doi: 10.1021/bk-2008-0981.fw001

About the Cover The cover art, entitled "Shining" was created by Elizabeth Zaikowski o f San Diego, California. It is illustrative o f the mandate theme seen i n much o f her artwork. Mandala is the Sanskrit word for circle, and mandalas are a symbolic representation o f the macro and the micro; what lies within and without. The basic pattern o f a circle i n the center is common i n nature and is seen i n both physics and astronomy. "Shining" evokes a sense o f order arising out o f chaos, and embodies the theme o f the book i n w h i c h complex organization develops following the disarray o f the B i g Bang. Mandala art has been used throughout the world as a process o f self-expression, i n the service o f personal growth and spiritual transformation. Elizabeth creates each mandala using a combination o f airbrush and acrylic paints, and by allowing it to develop i n an organic manner, starting from the center and working outward. Through her art, she strives to create more balance i n our sometimes chaotic world. Expressing the need for balance i n life, her paintings are a reflection o f the symmetrical nature o f the universe. Y o u can view more o f her work at http://www.elizabethzaikowski.com.

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.

ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES 981

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Chemical Evolution across Space & Time From the Big Bang to Prebiotic Chemistry Lori Zaikowski, Editor Dowling College

Jon M. Friedrich, Editor Fordham University

Sponsored by the ACS Divisions of Chemical Education, Inc., Geochemistry, Inc., and Nuclear Chemistry and Technology

American Chemical Society, Washington, DC

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Chemical evolution across space & time:fromthe Big Bang to prebiotic chemistry / Lori Zaikowski, Jon M. Friedrich, editors. p. cm.—(ACS symposium series ; 981) Three day symposium "Chemical evolution I: Chemical change across space & time," held at the Spring 2007 American Chemical Society National Meeting in Chicago, IL.

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ISBN 978-0-8412-7431-0 (alk. paper) 1. Cosmochemistry—Congresses. 2. Geochemistry—Congresses. III. Molecular evolution—Congresses. 4. Life—Origin—Congresses. 5. Cells—Evolution— Congresses I. Zaikowski, Lori, 1964-II.Friedrich, Jon M. III. American Chemical Society. Meeting (2007 : Chicago, Ill.) QB450.C46 2007 523'.02—dc22 2007060562 The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1984. Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society Distributed by Oxford University Press All Rights Reserved. Reprographic copying beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act is allowed for internal use only, provided that a per-chapter fee of $36.50 plus $0.75 per page is paid to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, M A 01923, USA. Republication or reproduction for sale of pages in this book is permitted only under license from ACS. Direct these and other permission requests to ACS Copyright Office, Publications Division, 1155 16th Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036. The citation of trade names and/or names of manufacturers in this publication is not to be construed as an endorsement or as approval by ACS of the commercial products or services referenced herein; nor should the mere reference herein to any drawing, specification, chemical process, or other data be regarded as a license or as a conveyance of any right or permission to the holder, reader, or any other person or corporation, to manufacture, reproduce, use, or sell any patented invention or copyrighted work that may in any way be related thereto. Registered names, trademarks, etc., used in this publication, even without specific indication thereof, are not to be considered unprotected by law. PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.

Chemical Evolution Chemical Change Across Space and Time

Downloaded by 80.82.77.83 on January 1, 2018 | http://pubs.acs.org Publication Date: February 15, 2008 | doi: 10.1021/bk-2008-0981.fw001

Edited by Lori Zaikowski and Jon M . Friedrich

Proceedings of the American Chemical Society Symposium Spring 2007 ACS National Meeting Chicago, IL

FORDHAM UNIVERSITY THE JESUIT UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.

Organizers and Sponsors

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Symposium Organizers Lori Zaikowski, Dowling College Jon M. Friedrich, Fordham University

ACS Sponsoring Division Chemical Education ACS Co-sponsoring Divisions Geochemistry Nuclear Chemistry and Technology ACS Division of Chemical Education Program Chair Cathy Middlecamp, University of Wisconsin, Madison rd

ACS 233 Meeting Co-Chairs, Division of Chemical Education George M. Bodner, Purdue University Wayne E. Jones, Jr., Binghamton University, S U N Y

Special thanks to Cathy Middlecamp and Anna M. Wilson for support and cooperation throughout the project.

Financial Support Dowling College Fordham University The Meteoritical Society The National Science Foundation

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.

Downloaded by 80.82.77.83 on January 1, 2018 | http://pubs.acs.org Publication Date: February 15, 2008 | doi: 10.1021/bk-2008-0981.fw001

Foreword The A C S Symposium Series was first published in 1974 to provide a mechanism for publishing symposia quickly in book form. The purpose of the series is to publish timely, comprehensive books developed from A C S sponsored symposia based on current scientific research. Occasionally, books are developed from symposia sponsored by other organizations when the topic is of keen interest to the chemistry audience. Before agreeing to publish a book, the proposed table of contents is reviewed for appropriate and comprehensive coverage and for interest to the audience. Some papers may be excluded to better focus the book; others may be added to provide comprehensiveness. When appropriate, overview or introductory chapters are added. Drafts of chapters are peer-reviewed prior to final acceptance or rejection, and manuscripts are prepared in camera-ready format. As a rule, only original research papers and original review papers are included in the volumes. Verbatim reproductions of previously published papers are not accepted.

ACS Books Department

Zaikowski and Friedrich; Chemical Evolution across Space & Time ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2008.