Chemical instrumentation: a laboratory manual ... - ACS Publications

Brooklyn, New York 11201. Chemical Instrumentallon: A Laboratory. Manual Based on Clinical Chemistry. Gory T Bender, University of Wiscon- sin, La Cms...
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book reviews particularly with supplementation by selected articles from the excellent bibliogranhv. could readily be adjusted to a two . currently a se&e&er period. ~ r Inglis, professor of physics a t the University of Massachusetts (Amherst), has been directly involved with much of what he writes about, having been for 20 years senior physicist a t Argonne National Laboratory. His concern about the sociopolitical aspects of nuclear energy is evidenced moreover by his membership on the editorial board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (now, Science and Public Affairs) and on the board of directors of SANE and the National Committee for Nuclear Responsibility as well as having been chairman of the Federation of American Scientists. Perusal of the index as well as the topic sub-headings in the chapters indicates that essentially all significant subjects are mentioned and explained. The economy of presentation that minimizes the amount of elementary physies-it occupies less than 70 pages of the main text-is accomplished by confining it to those concepts which lead to the treatment of reactors and weapons. Thus in the first three chapters, there are presented the basic physical ideas (velocity, momentum, acceleration, potential energy, kinetic energy, etc.), basic nuclear and atomic structure (atomic number, scattering, nuclear forces, binding energies, fission, isotope separation, etc.), and power plant fundamentals (pressure-temperature relationships, Carnot efficiency, and electricity generation). Even in this material, Dr. Inglis uses metaphores to clarify and emphasize points such as far example, ihe difference in bebavior between the components of an atom and those of a nucleus which may be likened to that "between s dictatorship and an ideal democracy." Following is a chapter concerning the use of nuclear reactors as power sources. The concept of a chain reaction and critical mass (using the mouse-trap-with-cork analog model) and the slow-neutron chain reaction are discussed in moderate detail as are water-moderated reactors and brerding. Some typical operating rrartors in the 1J. S . are dr.;rribed. followed by a consideration of the fission products and their decay. An account of reactor stability, safety, and accidents cites actual incidents. A subsequent chapter is concerned with the effects and uses of radioactive products. Considered are medical and iudustrial uses of radiation, radiation damage, and radioactive wastes and their disposal. The last four chapters focus on the control of fissile materials, fusion, and solar energy as possible power sources for future needs, nuclear, explosives (A- and Hbombs, "clean" and "dirty" bombs, fallout, deterrence), and aspects of the arms race. Each of the nine chapters contains at its conclusion a set of review questions and problems. Beyond these chapters there are over 100 pages of appendix, about half of whieh are devoted to description in greater detail of some sophisticated scientific concepts. The other 50 pages are ~ 4 /2 Journal ot Chemical Education

particularly valuable because they present selected excerpts from some of the important historical documents relating to the decision to use the A-bomb, the handling and safeguards of nuclear materials, and the arms race. Reading and discussion of these documents, as well as those articles listed in the bibliography, can but only increase our awareness of Professor Inglis' emphasis throughout on the social challenge pre.sented by the "nuclear fire" which "in its promise can also increase its threat. The must grow balance is delicate, and man in his knowledge of the new fire and use his wisdom well if he is to reap its promise and evade its threat." In conclusion, Professor Inglis has provided a carefully written and well balanced account of a major issue where intelligent decisions me a function of technical as well as political understanding. It could well serve as an exemplary model for assisting nonscientists to achieve scientific literacy about current problems confronting our technocratic society.

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James A. Go dman kew

script before publication, With this input, the reader might have been given some feeling for the relative usefulness of each analysis for the diagnosis of a given disease. The medical information is presented in a non-critical encyclopedic fashion. The form of the manual leaves much to he desired. There are numerous typographical errors and the graphs are, in the main, poorly done. The writing style, however, is good throughout. Many will argue with the distribution of the material in the text. The infra-red chapter is larger than the section dealing with enzyme analysis. Most clinical chemists do not share the author's view that enzyme kinetics is a "novel" method of clinical analysis. In summary, I see this manual as a good first step in providing teaching material for clinical students. Its major drawback is its questionable medical information whieh should be corrected if it has a second edition. T. R. Williams

The Coliege 01 Wooster Wooster. Ohio 44691

Vork Gty Communily College Brooklyn, New York 11201

Chemical Instrumentation-A Systematic Approach to Instrumental Analysis Chemical Instrumentallon:A Laboratory Manual Based on Clinical Chemistry

Gory T Bender, University of Wisconsin, La Cmsse. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1972. xi 291 pp. Figs. and tables. 18.5 X 26cm. $9.50.


In recent years there has been an increased effort to train more clinical chemists. Unfortunately, there are few texts available whieh give typical clinical experiments and also provide some theoretical background far these measurements. A new tent, "Chemical Instrumentation: a Laboratory Manual Based on Clinical Chemistry" has been written by Gary Bender, in an attempt to meet this need. The laboratory manual was written to provide typical experiments far persons studying medical technology. The manual contains brief theoretical discussions preceding each experiment. A list of the illnesses related to the material assayed is provided with each experiment. Finally, an experimental procedure in great detail is prbvidedfor each assay. The reviewer feels that this manual will find its greatest use in the training of medical technologists. Many professors of analytical chemistry may find the book interesting and may be spurred to incorporate a clinical chemistry experiment into their beginning analytical course. I am not certain that this manual will find users from medical school faculties. The author states that he takes no responsibility for the medical authenticity of his manual. This may cause some to avoid using this text. In my opinion, this manual would have been a more substantial effort if a competent clinical chemist, familiar with the medical implications of clinical procedures, had carefully reviewed the manu-

Howard A. Strobel, Duke University. Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., Reading, Mass., 1973. xxii + 903 pp. Figs. and tables. 24 X 16.5cm. $22.50. This second edition of an already wellreceived book (1st edition 1960) bas so much new material and reorganization that in essence it constitutes a new book. The systematic physical measurement approach is the main tie to the first edition. New material includes nmr spectrometry, single sweep and pulse polarography, mass spectrometry, operational amplifiers, signal-to-noise optimization, digital eleetronics, and monochromators. The topics of fluommetry, flame spectrometry, Raman spectrometry and chromatography have been expanded to chapter length. The organization of the material has been rearranged as follows: basic electronics, basic optics, spectrometric methods, other optical methods, electroanalytic methods, and other instrumental methods. The style of writing is clear and readable although the amount of material covered and the level of sophistication make the book difficult to use as a text for undergraduate instrumentation courses without preselection of topics by the instmdor. Professor Strobe1 makes suggestions concerning this use in his preface, but I do not believe his suggestions are detailed enough. At the graduate level courses acceptance should be common. The e m ~ h a s i sof the text is verv strane on understanding mrtrument dearw from the viru,poinr uf circuity and optics. Limitations of design and usage are discussed for all components from signal generation tothe newer types of readout devices. (Continued on page A46)