Consumption of Industrial Alcohol - Industrial & Engineering Chemistry


Consumption of Industrial Alcohol. Ind. Eng. Chem. , 1924, 16 (4), pp 378–378. DOI: 10.1021/ie50172a023. Publication Date: April 1924. ACS Legacy Ar...
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SUBSTANCE Octane Di-isopropyl

P

TABLE 3 (Continued) Ref.0 T Mr Mr/T 1000P/T Saturated Parafin Hydrocarbons (Concluded)

0.888 1.02 24.7 0.770 1.062

393 398 569 323 333

20.7 20.4 0 20.7 19.7

8150 8120 0 6710 6560

2 7 2 2 2

2.26 2.56 43.4 2.38 3.19

Toluene

0-xylene M-xylene

P-xylene Cymene

0.726. 1.oo 1.00 1.004 1.004 1.355 0,0598 0.354 1.77 2.95 5.70 8.39 14.0 16.4 49.5 50.1 49.6 47.9 0 . 993 1.013 1.013 41.6 (1.00) 36.9 (1,OO) (1.00) (1.00) 35.8 (1.00) 35.0 (1.00) 28.6

0.00604 0.0121 0.0188 0.0344 0.0460 0.068 0.0967 0.340 0.880

1.36 2.72 5.44 6.80 13.6 27.2 44.9 195. 201. 218.

2.11 22.0 7550 343 2.83 21.1 7450 353 2.83 20.5 7250 353 2.84 20.9 7360 353 2.84 20.7 7290 353 3.73 20.1 7310 363 0.211 29.1 8230 283 1.10 23.9 7730 323 4.75 19.1 7120 373 7.52 17.5 6870 393 13.5 15.4 6510 423 19.0 14.1 6260 443 29.7 12.5 5890 473 34.0 12.0 5770 483 89.3 0 0 554 88.3 0 0 564 88.3 0 0 662 85.2 0 562 0 ..~ At critical point, m e m = 87.9 2.59 20.7 7940 383 2.64 20.8 7990 384 2.64 20.1 384 7700 70.0 0 594 0 2.39 20.9 8750 418 58.5 0 0 631 2.43 21’.3 8780 412 2.42 20.1 8300 413 2.42 21.1 413 8730 57.8 0 0 619 2.43 20.9 8600 412 56.8 0 617 0 2.23 19.9 8890 448 43.8 0 652 0 Water 39.4 0.0221 273 10750 37.6 0,0428 283 10650 36.6 0.0605 290 10580 34.95 0.115 300 10480 34.25. 0.151 305 10430 33.2 0.218 312 10350 32.15 0.3215 320 10280 28.9 0,983 346 10000 27.1 1.87 9820 363 25.1 3.56 9600 382 23.1 6.75 9330 403 21.0 12.7 9000 429 20.3 15.5 8880 438 18.0 29.0 8430 468 15.6 54.0 7860 603 14.0 85.3 7410 527 0 306, 0 837 315. 0 0 638 0 , 337. 0 647 At critical point, mean = 319

’.

2 2 3 4 5 2 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 11 12 2 6 8 5 11 6 11 8 5 6 11 B

1;

14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 18 19 20

0 . 912 1.73 3.27 6.08 8.75 11.3 13.6 16.2 18.6 20.9 23.3 25.5 81.4 79.8 85.2 76.2 77.7 79.2 79.9

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 10 15 16 17 12

0.851 27.1 294 137.1 1.61 25.1 134.0 310 3.03 22.9 129.7 329 5.70 20.5 124.0 351 8.21 19.0 119.8 365 10.06 18.0 116.3 376 13.00 17.1 385 113.3 15.3 16.3 110.5 393 17.5 15.7 108.0 400 19.7 15.1 105.7 406 21.8 14.6 103.5 412 23.9 14.1 101.4 417 0 103.0 0 506 117.0 0 0 511 At critical point, mean = 110.0

1

274 290 308 329 343 353 362 370 376 382 387 392 461 463 469 470 467

__

4 A f-i

94.0 92.5 90.2 86.9 84.4 82.2 80.1 78.5 76.8 75.3 73.8 72.4 0 0 0 0 0 0

25.5 23.6 21.7 19.6 18.3 17.2 16.4 15.7 15.1 14.6 14.1 13.7 0 0 0 0 0 0

At critical point, mean

Acetone 0.250 0.500 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 11.00 52.2 60.0

-

1

1

1

1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 10 10

Carbon DisrcUdr -~ 0.125 0.250 0.500 1.00

267 282 299 319

90.6 89.2 87.3 84.8

26.5 24.7 22.8 20.7

0.451 0.887 1,67 3.14

P 2.00

4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.0 77.8

TABLE 3 (Concluded) T Y Mr/T lOOOP/T Carbon DisuZfde (Concluded) 342 357 369 379 387 395 40 1 407 413 548

1 1 1 1

81.4 79.0 77.0 75.0 73.4 71.9 70.4 69.1 67.8 0

5.85 8.40 10.85 13.2 15.5 17.7 20.0 22.1 24.2 142.

18.6 17.3 16.3 15.5 14.8 14.2 13.7 13.3 12.85 0

Ref.a

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13

Carbon Tet~nchloride 0.0625 0.125 0,250 0.500 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00

7.00 58.1

51.6 50.8 49.7 48.3 46.5 44.1 42.3 40.8 39.5 3R.3 37.3 0

0.223 0.425 0.807 1.52 2.86 5.35 7.67 9.89 12. 1 14.2 16.2 105.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21

26.0 0.841 23.9 1.59 21.9 3.00 5.62 19.7 18.5 8.08 10.5 17.6 12.8 16.8 16.2 15.0 17.2 15.7 19.3 15.2 21.4 14.8 23.5 14.4 0 103. bibliography.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

28.3 26.6 24.6 22.7 20.5 18.1 16.6 15.5 14.7 13.9 13.3 0

Chloroform 64.7 0.250 297 63.0 314 0.500 61.1 333 1 .oo 58.8 356 2.00 57.3 37 1 3.00 56.1 382 4.00 55.1 392 5 ..oo 54.2 400 6.00 53.4 407 7.00 52.6 414 8.00 52.0 420 0.00 51.4 4.25 10.0 0 533 5 49 a The numbers in this column refer t o the

1

10

BIBLIOGRAPHY

11

Ethyl Ether r 0.250 0.500 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.0 37.5 36.9 40.0 35.8 36.3 36.9

SUBSTANCE

3.00

Cyclic Hydrocarbons (Aromatic) Benzene

VoI. 16, No. 4

INDUSTRIAL S N D ENGINEERlNG CHEMISTRY

378

1-Regnault, Mem. de Paris, 26, 1862. 2-Young, Dublin Proc., 12, 374 (1910). Ivied. Ann., 40, 446 (1890). 3-Wirtz, 4-Tyrer, J . Chem. SOC.(London), 99, 1641 (1911). j-Schiff, A n n . , 234, 343 (1886). 6-Xagornow and Rotinjanz, Z . physik. Chem., 77, 700 (1911). 7-Mabery and Goldstein, Am. Chem. J., 28, 66 (1902). 8-Marshall and Ramsay, Phil. M a g . , [51 41, 38 (1896). !%-Calculated from equation b y Grifiths and Marshall, see Ref. 8, r = 107.05 - 0.158 t , from t = 7O t o 215’ C., where r is in gram calories per gram. 10-Sajotschewsky, Kiewer University Untersuchungeu, 1878. 11-Altschul, Z. physik. Chem., 11, 577 (1893). 12-Schambardt, Dissertation, Amsterdam, 1808. 13-Cagniard de l a Tour, A n n . chim. Ohys., 121 22, 411 (1821). 14-Marks and Davis, “Steam Tables,” Longmans, Green & Co., 1919. 15-Ramsay, Proc. Roy. Soc., 31, 194 (1884). 16--Battelli, Mem. accad. Torino, [21 40 (1889). 17-Galitzine a n d Wilip, Rapport congress intern., 1, 668 (1901). I&Battelli, Mem. nccad. Torino, [2] 4 1 (1890). 19-Cailletet and Colardean, J . phys., [2] 10, 333 (1891). 20-Holbom and Baumann, Ann. Physik., [4] 31, 945 (1910). 21-Hannay and Hogarth, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), 30, 178 (1880). 22--Olszewski, Phil. Mag., [5] 39, 188 (1895). 23--Jahn, 2. physik. Chem., 11, 787 (1893). 24--Cohen, “Theoretical Organic Chemistry,” Macmillan & Co., London, 1910. 25--Robinson, “The Elements of Fractional Distillation,” 1922, McGrau-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York.

Consumption of Industrial Alcohol On March 21, Charles I,. Reese appeared before the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives in opposition to the Cramton Bill, which, if passed, would put industrial alcohol under the control of the prohibition commissioner. Dr. Reese spoke in behalf of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, of which he is president, as past president of the Manufacturing Chemists’ Association and member of its executive committee, as well as the chemical director of E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc. He gave the following as approximate figures for the annual consumption of alcohol in the United States in the industries mentioned: Dye industries Fulminate Pyroxylin plastics Art leather Chemical products

Approximate Gallons 1,000,000 200,000 1,000,000 1,250,000 2,500,000