Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - Chemical & Engineering News

Nov 5, 2010 - ... number printed in 1949, when a special allocation "was provided to wipe out the backlog of papers accumulated over several previous ...
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ACS OFFICIAL REPORTS 1951 being, book reviews and communications to the editor are not b e ­ ing accepted for this journal. S A M U E L C. L I N D , Editor W . A L B E R T N O Y E S , JR., Editor-Elect

Industrial a n d Engineering Chemistry record w a s set i n 1951 for total p a g e s published in t h e ANOTHER technical section of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry.

The figure was 2 9 8 2 pages, including the index, 3 7 0 a b o v e 1950. Page volume considerably exceeded t h e 1 9 5 0 total, and was just /^» hemical Reoietos, owned and edited by the AMERICAN CHEAII- 1 2 pages more than t h e number printed i n 1 9 4 9 , w h e n a special ^ CAL SOCIETY, is published under a contract with the Williams allocation "was provided t o w i p e o u t t h e backlog o f papers and Wilkins Co. of Baltimore. This agreement provides that t h e accumulated over several previous years. Publication of contributed papers continued o n a current basis journal shall appear bimonthly i n t w o volumes per year. In 1951, Volumes 4 8 and 49, containing about 1100 pages, w e r e throughout 1951 for the second successive year. However, t h e published. There were 19 review articles representing different increase in the n u m b e r of pages, as well as t h e complexity of more fields of chemistry. T h e distribution for the past two years w a s symposia a n d special features have placed additional burdens o n both t h e editorial staff and the printer. A s a result there has b e e n as follows: a "drift" o f the date of publication toward a later d a y of t h e 1951 1950 xnontH, with t h e result that t h e D e c e m b e r issue went into t h e Biochemistry 0 1 Chemotherapy 1 2 mails D e c . 10. A t the end of the year, action w a s started to shift Inorganic 3 4 the publication date back t o the preferred earlier date. Organic 13 9 O n e of the more fundamental changes m a d e during the year Physical 2 4 was establishment of the Engineering a n d Process D e v e l o p m e n t Total 19 20 T h e number of articles in each field varies from year to year section. I n effect, this change divided t h e main b o d y of t h e depending upon the suggestions of t h e editorial board and the technical section into two structural parts. Study of t h e c o n ­ availability of good authors. Since Chemical Reviews limits its tributed articles had shown that an adequate number of t h e m scope to papers which are primarily chemical in nature, o n l y a could clearly b e identified as predominantly o f an engineering few topics in biochemistry and chemotherapy appear. Those or process development nature, justifying establishment of a which are primarily physiological or pharmacological are p u b ­ separate section. A very conservative p o l i c y h a s been followed lished in other review journals. However, a definite effort has in designating articles for the ' Έ & P" section, s o that t h e subject been made to achieve better distribution among the remaining emphasis would b e evident to the reader. D e s p i t e this conserva­ three fields. Four reviews in inorganic a n d four in physical tive approach, a n d t h e further fact that symposia a n d annual reviews of an engineering nature w e r e n o t included, a total of chemistry are scheduled for the first volume of 1952. T h e editor would like to call attention to the "Suggestions to 8 5 papers had appeared in t h e section (corresponding to 4 8 3 pages ) for the 12 issues of 1951. Reader response w a s most Authors of Review Articles" published in t h e February issue of 1951. This outlines the scope of Chemical Reviews and the pro­ favorable. Most ambitious single editorial project carried out b y Iù-EC cedure followed in evaluating topics suggested, and gives s u g ­ gestions concerning format, style, and actual writing. An effort in 1 9 5 1 was, fittingly, publication of the D i a m o n d Jubilee History is made t o arrange the publication schedule a year in advance. of 75 years of chemical progress. This 160-page feature appeared All articles, whether or not specifically invited as the result of pre­ serially in the February t o June issues, a n d later constituted t h e liminary correspondence, are read and carefully checked for bulk o f t h e souvenir volume "Chemistry . . . Key t o Better suitability for publication. If uninvited articles are approved, Living." T h e history project w a s presented i n sections corresponding t o the divisions of d i e A M E R I C A N C H E M I C A L SOCIETY. they are placed at the end of the previously arranged schedule. A t the present time manuscripts have b e e n approved for the The historians w h o prepared the various sections were appointed three numbers of Volume 5 0 . Arrangements for reviews for the by t h e corresponding divisions. I n scope, t h e feature was a review second Volume ( N o . 5 1 ) for 1 9 5 2 have b e e n completed, a n d a of scientific and industrial advances, plus brief, individual histentative schedule of publication through December 1952 has tories of t h e ACS divisions. T h e first two of a n e w symposium series intended to run as an b e e n arranged. The editor will b e grateful for suggestions for future review topics and invites correspondence for articles indefinite cycle appeared in 1951. N a m e d "Resources for t h e Chemical Industry," each symposium summarized statistics a n d for 1953. trends in raw materials, power, labor, industrial establishments, R A L P H L . SHRINEB, Editor and other technically important subjects, for a major geographical Chemical M o n o g r a p h s region of t h e United States. T h e first symposium in t h e series P U B L I S H E D during 1951 were t w o n e w monographs, namely, \V. presented data for t h e Southwest, a n d w a s published i n August 17 P. Kelley's "Alkali Soils" and Harold WittcoFs "Phospha­ following presentation at the 119th national meeting of t h e A C S , tides." T h e results of the Monograph Board's carefully planned Cleveland, spring 1 9 5 1 . T h e second, o n Far West resources, 1 9 4 8 - 5 1 activity in developing an expanded program of pro­ was presented a t the fall meeting of t h e A C S i n N e w York a n d fessional value will become evident in 1952 and subsequent years. published i n December. T h e 1 9 5 2 production schedule of the Reinhold Publishing Increasing attention was given to t h e forms and techniques of Corp. calls for the issuance of seven monographs whose manu­ communication o n IùrEC's pages. This w a s o n e of the objectivesscripts have been completed. Reference is had to "Glycols" behind establishment of t h e Engineering and Process D e v e l o p ( G. O. Curme and collaborators ) ; "Industrial Waste Treatment ) ; ment section. Little w a s done t o the main text of the contributed —Stream Pollution Control" ( W i l l e m Rudolfs and collaborators); articles, except t o utilize the facilities of t h e American D o c u "Performance of Lubricating Oils" ( H. H . Zuidema ) ; "Phos­ mentation Institute for voluminous supporting data n o t u s e d phorus, Phosphoric Acid, Phosphates, and Phosphatic Fertilizers," directly by most readers. However, the abstracts have b e e n m a d e a full revision of Monograph N o . 3 4 ( W . H. W a g g a m a n ) ; more interpretive in nature, though n o less informative i n content. "Soluble Silicates, Their Properties and Uses," a wholly n e w It is Hoped that their value will thereby b e extended to a broader treatise to succeed Monograph N o . 4 6 (J. G. Vail and J. H. range of readers. T h i s change was favorably received, and at W i l l s ) ; "Styrene" (R. F . Boyer, R. H . Boundy and other special­ the e n d o f the year plans were made t o assemble t h e abstracts ists of The Dow Chemical Co. ) ; and "Wood Chemistry," a c o m ­ in a special feature section to make them more accessible. prehensive revision of Monograph N o . 97 ( L . E. Wise, E . C. Other innovations made over the past f e w years to facilitate Jahn and collaborators). communication were continued. Most of these were reviews of In course of preparation are 3 8 other works—six revisions and one t y p e o r another. T h e "Resources" series mentioned earlier 8 2 n e w monographs. Notwithstanding these commitments the is of this nature. T h e annual reviews of Unit Operations, Unit Monograph Board welcomes recommendations and proposals of Processes, and Materials of Construction w e r e continued. T h e n e w treatises for the series. January Reports section again w a s given over t o a geographical review of industrial developments of t h e previous 1 2 months. W I L L I A M Α. Η AMOR, Editor

Chemical Reviews





CHEMICAL A N D ENGINEERING NEWS T h e M a y a n d October Reports sections g a v e brief thumbnail reviews of t h e more interesting o r significant technical papers a n d symposia o n t h e spring a n d fall A C S m e e t i n g programs. Substantial introduction reviewing the industrial d e v e l o p m e n t of a specific chemical product remained an important element of the monthly StaflF-Industry Collaborative Report, jointly prepared b y an lirEC associate editor a n d o n e or more coauthors from t h e organization operating t h e plant described. Some external recognition o f lb-EC's editorial activities w a s indicated b y t w o events during d i e year. T h e 1 9 5 0 "Facts and Figures" feature received honorable m e n t i o n in t h e Industrial Marketing competition for editorial excellence. Late in t h e year the Reinhold Publishing Corp. d e c i d e d t o publish t h e second volume of "Modern Chemical Processes," a book version of t h e 2 4 StaflF-Industry Collaborative Reports published i n 1 9 5 0 and 1951. T h e recently established practice of scheduling at least o n e symposium or special major feature for e a c h issue h a s b e e n continued. In addition t o t h e special features already mentioned, symposia w e r e published during 1951 on t h e subjects of C o m bustion Chemistry, Computing Machines in Chemical E n g i n e e r ing, Construction Materials for Chemical Engineering, D i s persions in Gases, Market Research a n d N e w Product D e v e l o p ment, Instrumentation, Ion Exchange, Evolution of a Patent, Plant Cost Estimation, Radioactive Wastes, Rubber, F u n d a mental Statistical Methods, U s e of Statistics in Chemical Production, and Purification of Sugar Juices. In summary, some changes w e r e m a d e during 1 9 5 1 w h i c h it is h o p e d will improve Iù-EC's efficiency as a medium for c o m municating t h e flood of n e w technical information to readers. N o revolutionary n e w type of material w a s published, b u t in several w a y s titles, abstracts, a n d features h a v e b e e n used to project a sharper, more interpretive i m a g e of t h e content and implications of t h e contributed articles. All of t h e s e editorial efforts are directed toward helping Iù-EC's readers maintain a perspective of t h e w h o l e advancing front of applied chemistry in the face of its ever-increasing scope and volume.

Three regular features of the magazine installed several years ago, continued t o find favor w i t h t h e readers. These are the "Analysts' Column," where Associate Editor Hallett chats with t h e readers on timely topics, "Instrumentation," where Ralph Millier interpretively discusses t h e latest developments in this field, and " N e w Products for Analysts," where t h e editorial staff provides four pages every month of concise information on new equipment, apparatus, instruments, reagents, materials, and manufacturers' literature. Comprising the bulk of the editorial pages during 1 9 5 1 were 5 8 7 scientific contributions including 152 Notes o n Analytical Procedures and 3 6 Aids for the Analyst. A m o n g t h e contributed scientific papers were 18 special reviews of the fundamental aspects of analytical chemistry in t h e January issue a n d eight reviews of t h e practical applications of analytical developments in t h e February issue. T h e editorial staff continued t h e policy of obtaining sténotype reports of t h e round-table discussions before the Division of Analytical Chemistry at national A C S meetings. These reports were then condensed b y the chairmen o f the discussions and printed in Analytical Chemistry. During 1951 the two subjects covered were, "Analytical Distillation," a n d "Direct Determination of Oxygen in Organic Compounds." Among special symposia printed during the year were "Analytical Research in the Petroleum Industry," and "Methods for the Determination of Water." The first o f these w a s a group of 14 papers presented before the Division of Refining of t h e American Petroleum Institute, while the latter was a group of five papers presented before the Division of Analytical Chemistry. T h e annual Summer Symposium on Analytical Chemistry, jointly cosponsored b y the Division and Analtftical Chemistry, was held for the fourth consecutive year. T h e subject for the June 1951 meeting w a s "Standards and Standard Methods." This subject and Washington, D . C , as the scene of t h e symposium, w e r e chosen to tie in with t h e 50th anniversary of the founding of the National Bureau of Standards. T h e symposium papers, 14 in number, were published in t h e November issue. Close liaison has been maintained with officers and committees W A L T E R J. M U R P H Y , Editor of t h e Division of Analytical Chemistry and other groups specially interested in t h e subject such as t h e American Petroleum Institute and the American Society for Testing Materials. These A n a l y t i c a l Che m i sty RENAISSANCE in both t h e fundamental and applied aspects contacts along w i t h those in industry a n d educational instituAnalytical of analysis has been reflected sharply in Analytical Chemistry tions are very helpful to the editors in improving during the past several years. In spite of an increasingly critical Chemistry's service to the profession and industry. evaluation of material submitted for publication, the number Manuscript Statistics, 1&EC and AC of pages required has increased steadily. In 1947, the first year in which this publication w a s divorced in name from Industrial TVcraiNG 1951 there were 696 manuscripts submitted for pub•""-' lication in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 7 3 5 for and Engineering Chemistry, 1 3 1 8 editorial pages w e r e printed. While the total of 1431 was slightly less B y 1 9 5 0 there were 1647 and i n 1951 there w e r e 2 0 2 2 . This Analytical Chemistry. represents a n increase of 5 3 % in four years. Although t h e rate than that of 1950, which reached an all-time high of 1453. there of increase is n o w leveling off, it is expected that in 1 9 5 2 there is little to indicate that fewer papers are being prepared, particularly w h e n o n e remembers that the Advances in Chemistry will b e a still greater number of pages than in 1 9 5 1 . This growing importance of analytical chemistry, and inci- series and C H E M I C A L AND ΕΝΤ.ΙΝΈΕΗΙΝ'Π N F W S each handled dentally t h e improved status of t h e analyst, can b e attributed in increased numbers during the year. Of the manuscripts directed to Industrial and Engineering part to the great penetration of chemical science and technology 4 8 9 w e r e accepted. Analytical Chemistry accepted in nearly all branches of industry· Coincidcntally, over t h e past Chemistry decade t h e country's productive capacity has been increased 570, including 3 6 items for the Aids for t h e Analyst Column and 138 for t h e Notes on Analytical Procedures section. T h e total phenomenally. Many of the processes operating in t h e n e w e r plants require n e w , faster, less expensive, and in many instances accepted for t h e t w o journals came to 1059, or 7 3 % of the more accurate methods of analysis. T o serve these needs there number submitted. T h e following table shows receipt and disposition of manu­ has been a n amazing growth in instrumental analysis based on scripts over the past three years. physicochemical data of a fundamental nature. A natural result of all these developments is a n increase in papers reporting the results of fundamental research, n e w methAccepted Released, Filed Total Anal. Rejected, as In- Rejected o d s and data. Received Total Chem. I&EC. Withdrawn active and Filed A l t h o u g h first consideration i s given to the publication of original research papers, it h a s been fou-id desirable during t h e 1951 1431 1059 570 489 190 170 360 past f e w years t o broaden t h e editorial scope somewhat b y in1950 1453 1096 531 565 178 134 312 1949 1238 778 395 383 230 157 387 cluding reports and abstracts of t h e more important meetings of interest to analysts. During 1951 e l e v e n such meetings were A s usual the figures do not include meeting papers submitted reported. Also included in this section at t h e back of t h e m a g a - w i t h request for release unless formal review was required. zine, were book reviews, announcements of meetings, and other W A L T E R J. M U R P H Y , Editor items of special interest to readers of Analytical Chemistry.



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