Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy (In Three Parts) Part B. (Practical

q! pug 4 4(1ay!1$0~ alojalaql pue paz! -[8!3ads. LlqB!q s! q3aCqns aql al!qM .paqs![d. -mms uaaq ssq Ma!nal an!suaqaldmoa luapaxa ue 'sau!moa%loqs asa...
0 downloads 0 Views 2MB Size

-$s!suo3 sraldeq3 an!$ sluasaid yooq s!q&

( t awnlot, 'salras Adoasorlaads leallaerd) 'a ved (sued aarul ul) AdoasoJl3adS uewen pue parellul

.Kzsrq!l hqs!maqa alqeuosaal hue loj alq!s -sodLp?a ua!l!s!nbsB q! aqem ppoqs aa!rd an!psnla aql ' s l s y a q 3 hu-em jo ysap aql 4 &M q! pug 4 4(1ay!1$0~alojalaql pue paz! -[8!3ads LlqB!q s! q3aCqns aql al!qM .paqs![d - m m s uaaq ssq Ma!nal an!suaqaldmoa luapaxa ue 'sau!moa%loqsasaql a$!dsaa .qde~aauowaql morj 0%a1q!ssadm! s! l! lnq-sma(qa1d lou era asaql sdeqrad :Bu!ss!m h[a?aldmoa aq ol madde uo!l3alord uo!le!per pue 'spunodmos alqelsun 'suo!lxar palo!" 'Ll!qxol p!maq3

.asua!pne pal!m!l e pu!j D!M yooq s!ql leq) qsa48ns pp0M pus szallam \eluamuor!nua jo p a p n l s [exaua% j 00%i e j qlOM aql rap!suo> aql ~ npamehpe p p M I 'Lqs!maq3oloqd l!iaqdsomle jo lonome aql paLo[ua pun uo!srahuoS Lalaua ~ n o q eur-ea( p!p I inq 'uo!ml(od i!e JOswad -se lemwaqmou aql inoqe qanm ro h40101 s!q? -oalaru q m m Lrah urea1 $0" p!p 1 ' y l o ~ Bu!peal paLo[ua 1 'ls!maqs PqSLqd E SV

. . .

. , " . . . -!q aqA .parap!suoJ a m s u o q ~ s ~ a m u " o 1 o ~ q ~ jo i(qs!maqsoloqd J!iaqdsolerls aql 0%anp n s a p a[q!ssod re[!m!ss s [[am s8 laLq auozo auaqdsola~lsaql uo lrodsuerl quosladns aql JO Spajja alq!ssod 'auozo jo uo!l;mqs -ap 20 uo!pnpo~d aql au!n[o~u! suo!Wal p!maqD asoqlol "[email protected] s! s!seqdma ham!zd uw4v .azaqdsosam pus a ~ a q d s o w o saql Jo &?s!maq3 [wqnau aql q l ! ~ qeap 6 r a l d q 3

se u m s smalr 'hmssa3au sr luamara aul

. a q m j q o s!ql slapu!q xapu! pacqns load e :aram,enxa Lrlsea aq isnm slqlseusns xooq

JO lJaJJa q l p q 'uo!sranuo> apg~ed-ol-se4 30 apew s! uo!luam awns 'hqqaqs iaqlel s! uo!lsnpord auozo q l ! ~paula3uoa asoql UBUI.. lauio .. S U O I I ~ B ~"10J iuamiean . , . au r. 'Ld -o3sozmads uo iii-eau Ira B s d e u ~ a du8naui!s


.s~olsej~!uaBodo~qlu.e pue lernlsu uaaMlaq xa!nar pap!no~ds! uos!~admonv .sassaaozd [enomas pue lradsuarl jo pleaamp [elal lsomle p u ~ s q paranos lou a r m luamala a q jo r o p q -aq 183!aop!q aql pue Llls!maqa les!lLpue Llls!waq3 aql uo s!seqdma q l ! ~luamleaq ~o w!dw a91 $ ~ q uo!lmpollu! $ aql u! salsls yu!s pue amnos -e s! s!q& ,,waqdsomlv aql roq$nv aq& .uo!ymj!~nd pus uo!pvsdaS j O ~ a 1 3JOIW 0 aq&, p a w w s! L ~ a l d w '9 'umpnpord prre s h o p pue spunodmo3 l o r m 'uo!yqos snoanbs u! hrls!maqs aql 'Sam 'sa!yadold leapnu pue q m w e :sqdol m[em Bu!~o\loj aql Bu!ranos Ma!nal paluamnsop p M 'as!auos e uall!rm szq loqvw aq& ' ~ BU!UO!SS!J 3 ~ SnoauEluOdS ~ ~ aql SE q3ns -uo> L8lau3 ' p l a p amos u! palap!suoa am sap!U!pE a[qenlen r a q y ampord ol slolaaal uo!lsnqmoajo sqlau!q pue s3!msuhpomIaql mu qa!q u! t a a ~ qs Bu!aq 6s [laM se luam aqJ, 'L$![!qe[!~~e puv 'ss!ls!~apsreqs alqe -ala a q l p Sa!lrado~d p!shqd PUB \E3!Ulaq3 aqlLpn3s ol pas" hlluanbay s! 'mvclz 'adolos! [email protected] raqlo aqJ, .asmos uollnau lualla3xa ue saqsm a 8 q l ! ~uo!leu!qmos u! mv,,: pue 's~opu!m!la ~ 1 8 1 s' s r o p q a p ayoms 'saqnap Bu!Bne8 u! pasn s! I! :ap!u!lse pasu Lpuanbaij lsom aql s d e q ~ a d l ayem ! m ~ , , ~ jo sa!lradold Lump aq& 'slanj zva[mu jo Bu!ssasoidaz aql q a n o q a[qe\!ena L\au!marn -u! au!mosaq s! ssal-aql-auou l! 'maolqsols p3!maqs p q d h ? e u! punoj aq 01 hlaql rw!maqs s $nu S! um!qlamv a[!qM '~sara? -u! JO pla!j pal!m!\ 'a!jpads s u! a 8 p a l ~ o u y $0 alels Bu!gs!ra aqq Jan02 auo mpun Llupq ol s! asodmd asoqM sa!ras Mapax [eq!13

~(1x3 aq1 jo p v d s s! qderBouom s!q&

.g$ radsd v m YPZ x 81 'salqs? pue .sB!x d d 68z !A '9'61 'aassauua~'aBp!x y e 0 2alua3 u0!1 -smroJUI Iea!uqaa& .hwdmo3 prOJUEH pla!jqa!?d 3!luwv 'z?nyss 'M a J W J M


ing of organic materials, environmental seiences, f w d industry, petroleum and textile applications of infrared and Raman spectroscopy, along with a chapter on general computer systems for these spectroscopic techniques. The chapter on computer systems discusses basic principals of data acquisition, data refinement, and spectrum storage and retrival systems. Various convolutionldeconvolution methods are discussed, as well as the trade-offs between SIN ratio enhancement and spectral resolution. Sections on auantitative analvsis and hand shape analyrb concentrate on the primary mnthematical technirlues employed f w peak height and area nmputations, difference and derivative spectra, multi-component analysis and GaussianICauchy bandshape models. The discussions predominately concern infrared techniques, including some information on attenuated total reflectance (ATR) and Fourier transform soectroscoov (FTS) . methrds. Unfortunately, virtually no material cm the corresponding Raman spectrumetry aspects is included. A balanced treatment of the infrared and Raman spectra of organic materials is presented with over 60 figures containing, in part, both tyw of specka for each compound considered. several Raman and infrared en~~,~~ ergylmwnsity correlation charm m d wveral summaries ,.f mrious functional crimp's enerryl~ntcnsityvalues. A basic b a c k ~ ~ ~ uinn d vibrational spectroscopy is assumed and there are hrief discussions of several of the recent developments in the areas, such as nanoliter sampling, infrared emission teehnioues and FTS. The maim thrust of this ch3pter is todemonstrate how thetwocechniques complt.ment each other in m d e c t h r structure determinatmns and it ir done effectively through numerous examples. I t also presents a compilation of the spectra and charts used, arranged both alphabetically and hy empirical formula. This chapter alone could serve as a handv, reference for the principal advantages and complemmrnry vnluc of the two techniques for qualitntive structure elucidatiun, in addition tu a listtng of the main spectroscopic moieties. These first two chapters are of the most general interest and, indeed, comprise over half of the bwk. The remaining four chapters concentrate on more soecific anolieations. The discuusim on environmental w i ~ n c e applications is limited to infrared ipertruscopy and concerns, primarily, gas analysis, with a hrief discussion on water analysis. Because of the unusual considerations needed for gas analysis, the hulk of the material is on mecia1 sanmle cells. calibration methods, and sample handling. he infrared spectn,smpie methods for identification and, in most cases, quontitation