Introduction of instrumental analysis (Braun, Robert D.)


atomic and molecular structure and spec- troscopy (Chapters 18-22) are qualitative but very up-to-date. The new methods of computation (e.g., MNDO, et...
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mean that classical mechanistic treatments are ignored. On the contrary, mechanisms a r e presented in considerable detail thrauehout the text with different colors .. used to highlight renters of impurtnnce. The inclusion of a reparatr rhapter on Organometallics a h a diiierentiares this text from most others. The chapters are well written and easily read. The material is presented in such a way that it can be comprehended by the nonchemistry major yet it has sufficient depth of coverage to make it an appropriate text for the chemistry majors as well. The inclusion in the body of the text of bits of interesting information and discussions of how some of the reactions are run experimentally helps to hold the readers interest. Each chapter is concluded by a thorough summary and the later chapters have an introductorv review section in which relevant previously discussed material is raretully reiterated. The cowmge iscompoied ot agood hlend ut'detailed mechanisms and extensive synthetic examples. The organization of the topics is generally quite good. A brief discussion ofthe chemistry of alcohols and alkyl halides is introduced in Chapter 4. The full alkyl halide chapter is preceded by the chapter on Stereochemistry. One possible fault in the organization is having the alkyne chapter separated from the alkenes by the Stereochemistry and Alkyl Halide chapters. While this can make for amore logical treatment of acetylide alkylation reactions, other reactions tend to suffer hv the break in continuity. The text contains a large number of problems, averaging about 33 per chapter, many with multiple sections. Sample solutions are given for some questions contained in the body ofthe chapter and answers to all others except those s t the end of the chapters are given in an Appendix. The problems range from simple reaction completions and reaction reviews to more complex ones requiring considerable insight for their solution. One difficulty discerned here is that some areas, such as alkane bromination and the DielsAlder reaction are discussed in the chapters to a reasonable level of understanding, but some of the related problems require considerable extensions beyond the actual text coverage. This can provide the instructor with the opportunity of presenting such topics in greater depth, or it can promote frustration in the student trying to solve these problems without assistance. All in all, though, this teat is well eonceived and has a thorough and generally well organized coverage. I t appears to be an easy text from which to teach and should he given thoughtful consideration during text selection time. Robert L. Augustine Seton Hall University Soulh Orange, NJ 07079 ~

introduce difficult concepts in written English with the minims1 use of mathematical relations. In this area they have an advantage over the erudite text by W. J. Moore and have the potential therefore to be more popular with the students that have a mathematics phobia. Chapter one presents a good review of the course prerequisites that every student should master in order to succeed in such a course. The chapters on the first two laws of thermodynamics are adequate. Nonideal behavior is introduced a little later than in the other textbooks mentioned above, ex., Chapter 8 deals with the van der Wads equation and the relations needed to understand liquefaction using the Joule-Thompson experiment are left for the student to solve as problem 8.30. The chapters on phase equilibria are very clear. The D e h y e Hiickel Theory is introduced qualitatively in Chapter 10. Surface chemistry (Chapter 13) precedes t h a t on electrochemistry (Chapter 14). The subjects covered up to this point would he covered in one semester for a two-semester course. In this division the second part starts with kinetic theory (Chapter 15) followed by transport processes and reaction kinetics (Chapters 16 and 17). The chapters on quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structure and spectroscopy (Chapters 18-22) are qualitative but very up-to-date. The new methods of computation (e.g., MNDO, etc.) are mentioned qualitatively. There is very little on the principles of symmetry and Group Theo~ w ., later . editions would benefit bv elahorating on this ruhject. The rhapters on statistical merhnnm and reartiun rates are fairlycomplete. The final chaptercwers the liquid and solid states. Juana V. Acrivos San Jose State University San Jose, CA 95192 ~~

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Organlc Chemistry Francis A. Carey. McGraw-Hill Book COmpany: New York. NY. 1987. xviii 1219 pp. Figs. and tables. 21 X 26.1 cm. $43.95.

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This text incorporates the classic functional group approach to the study of organic chemistry, hut rather than being a mere clone of the other such texts it has some different aspects that are worth mentioning. A pseudo molecular orbital approach is used throughout the text to illustrate the nature of the orbital interactions and changes occurring during the reactions under discussion. This approach leads naturally into a discussion of the Diels-Alder reaction so the Frontier Orbital concept is not treated as a separate special entity hut simply as a means of product determination. This inclusion of orbital descriptions does not

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Journal

of Chemical Education

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lntroductlon of Instrumental Analysls Robert D. Braun. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York. NY. 1987. viii 1004pp. Figs. and tables. 19 X 24 cm.

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This is the largest instruments text puhlished in the United States. I t includes 76 salved sample problems, over 430 end-ofchapter problems grouped by topics end an abundance of references. mostlv orior to 1982. s with a'lone list okimoor~~~-~ h m t e rend tant terms, most of which appear in the index. Co\,erage ineluder traditional ropirs and some promising newer methods such as photoacoustic spectrometry, laaer-enhanced ionization, and laboratory robotics. Comparison with other texts revealed greater coverage of electronics, spectroscopy (especially atomic absorption, infrared, chemilnminescence and refmetometry) and potentiometry. Fewer pages were assigned to electrochemical methods, flame and atomic emission, HPLC, and appendices. Thus, some topics were suggested for closer examination, resulting in the following conclusions. The chapters on AC, DC, and electronic circuits, logic devices and computers were readable end useful, but redundant for those with a good physics background. Infrared was given excessive space; the 30 pages devoted to qualitative analysis could have been omitted since correlation charts lacked specificity and the spectra lacked usable wavenumber scales. The general thrust was to compare spectra of unknowns to knowns, without utilizing physical properties or other spectroscopic methods to pinpoint the identity of the unknown. FT-IR earned a disappointing two pages. On the other hand, inclusion of Hadamard Transform was a pleasant surprise, in light of recent developments (C. & E. N., Feb 29,1988, pp. 22-26). The X-ray chapter was among the longest. I t included critical absorption edges for most elements hut omitted K. and KOwavelengths or common target elements! Analyzer crystal d values were listed, but the reflecting plane and useful range of the crystal were not. Differentiation between X-ray diffraction and fluorescence is unclear and the traditional derivation of the Bragg Equation is missing. Crystallography, including ASTM tables of d spacings used for identification, was given only a few sentences. Mass spectrometry received extensive coverage. Isotopic abundances were cited for 54 elements, with little indication of utility. Spectral interpretation was slighted. The chapter on gas chromatography devoted six lines to carried gases but later noted that the TCD functions best if there is a significant difference in thermal conductivity of the sample components and the carrier gas but gave no numericvalues for either. Many of the real advantages of LTP and dual column designs were not discussed. The author usuallv describes instrument componenw in derad te g., I f , pages on tonseiect~vcriectrodes,seven pages on G1.C detectors and eight pages on atomic absorption sources). However, tables often focus on a single parameter (e.g., Table 9-8 lists inorganic assays for 33 elements, citing only the reagent or complexing agent end wavelength used). Too often, tabular data or extended equations are part of the text material (e.g., transparency regions for infrared solvents, and the expanded form of the Van Deemter Equation) which reduce the usefulness of such information. Illustrations are often troublesome (e.g., ~~~

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one frequently used drawing is labeled as a m~mochnmator,wa\,elength selector or filter, at wriow places in the text). The X-ray powder camera diagram is inaccurate and the wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorometer incorrectly labels the source as the sample. More disturbing is the diagram of an infrared spectrophotometer that has significantly different reference and sample path lengths, a design which cannot possibly cancel atmospheric absorbance. In spite of several shortcomings, this text has much to recommend it. Generally, i t is very easy to read and contains a wealth of information, both topical and descriptive, not found in related books. Frank A. Guthrie Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Terre Haute. IN 47803

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wrases. and oncoeenes. Also. there is a clearer distinction made berwpen gene expression in prokaryutes and wkaryotea, a disrincrion which ia orten a wuree of cmfusion among undergraduates. Finally, in the last section, molecular physiology, something has heen deletedthe entire chapter on the hseterial membrane-leavine the other tonics to be exoanded sienif&antlv. as the total number of u pages for this section has increased. Overall, the hook is an excellent text for a rigorous year-long course in biochemistry. For shorter, survey type courses, the hook will be more than enough, probably overwhelming. One caveat I would offer is that the book's size mitigates against its use by the student. It is awkward t o hold and read. I t is also too large and heavy to carry around in a backpack all day; therefore, i t will be left a t home a lot.

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In this edition the author has expanded and revised a hiochemistry text that had Textbook been well received. The second edition was favorably reviewed in this Journal in Au-1987gust 1982. The third edition is equally well written, the organization has been refined and improved, and the illustrations continue to he a strong positive feature of the hook. This edition is larger by some 129 Chemlcai Klnetics, Third Edition pages of text and the pages are Larger. AlKeith J. Laidler. Harper 8 Row: New York. thoueh some of this soace is taken uo with NY, 1987. xi 531 pp. Figs. and tables. more drawings and pictures, the additional 19.1 X 24.2 cm. page3 represent a significant increaw mformation. Also, thew are many more proh. Lems in this edition; every chapter except This is the third edition of a textbook on the first has a minimum of four problems. chemical kinetics. The object of the book is The introductory section has been exto oresent the mare imoortant exnerimental panded to six chapters. In addition t o the the rates results and theories ;elating one on molecular design of life, there are with which chemical reactions occur. now chaoters discussine the basic orooerties of oroteLns. RNA.,~and ~ N A~. l s a b a ~conic ~~~. r e p t ~ umolecular f gcnctics and nn inrroduet i m ru recombinant I)NA techniques arp presented here. Some of the material in this lntroductlon t o Instrumental Analysis section is new, and some has been pulled Robert D. Braun. McGraw-Hill: New York, from other chapters in the previous edition. NY. 1987. viii 1004 pp. Figs. and tables. In part 11, protein structure and function, 19 X 24 cm. the hemoglobin and sickle cell chapters have been mereed into one. The enzvme mecha"ism chaprer hna heen modif~rdsomewhat and a new rhaprer on control of enzyme acti\ity has been added. The chapters i m conOrganlc Chemistry nective tissue protein and membrane proFrancis A. Carey. McGraw-Hill: New York. tein are well done and very up-to-date. NY. 1987. xviil 1219 pp. Figs. and taThe section on metabolism has been exbles. 21 X 26.1 cm. $43.95. panded and improved. There is now a separate chanter on carhohvdrate structure. a definrte improvement over rhc previatrreditmn, which placed a . h i r e d amount of this informarion in an appendix. The glyoxylate shunt, also an omission from the last edition, is now covered, and there is new and interesting material on vitamin B12. The chapter on oxidative phosphorylatiou has significant additions on ubiquinol and cytoExperimental Organic Chemistry chrome c. This section concludes with a n Clark F. Most. Jr. Wiley: New York, NY. excellent chapter on phorossnthcsis. 1988. xx 586 pp. Figs. and tables. 21.9 In the ~cctiunon informarion moiecule% there is new m a w i d on t o p ~ i ~ ~ m e r a s e ~ . X 28.5 cm. $40.26.

Announcements

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Chemistry, Third Edition Ravmond Chano. Random House: New ~ & kNY, , 1 9 8 8 . h ~ 1046 pp. Figs. and tables. 21 X 26 cm. $37.00 PB.

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Titles of Interest

Jerry L. Wilson California State University Sacramento. CA 95819

Biochemistry, Third Edltlon Lubert Stryer. Freeman: New York, NY, 1988. xxxii 1089 pp. Figs. and tables. 22.1 X 285 pp.

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General Chemistry, Thlrd Edltlon Kenneth W. Whiiten. Kenneth D. Gaiiey. and Raymond E. Davis. Saunders: New York, NY, 1988. xxxii 884 pp. Figs. and tables. 20.8 X 26 cm.

-1987-

Cllnlcal Studies In Medlcal Blochemlstry Robert H. Giew and Stephen P. Peters. Editors. Oxford University Press: New York, NY, 1987. xiii X 259 pp. Figs. and tables. 18.5 X 23.3 cm. 535.00 HBI $18.95 PB.

Complex Chemical Reaction Systems: Mathematical Modelling a n d Slrnulatlon. Proceedings of t h e S e c o n d Workshop, Heidelberg, Fed. Rep. of Gerrnanv. .. Auaust 11-15.1986 J. Warnatr and W. Jager, Editors. Springer-Verlag: New York, NY, 1987. xiii 409 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 cm.

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$54.50.

The aim of this volume is to give an overview of the present state of the art in the modelling of chemical reaction systems and reactive flows, and attempts to find a language common to mathematicians, chemists, and engineers working in this interdisciplinary area.

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Volume 65

High-Resolution Solid-State NMR of Slllcates a n d Zeolites Gihter Englehardt and Dieter Michel. Wi485 pp. ley: New York. NY. 1987. xiv Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.7 cm. $117.00.

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The objective of this book is to give an account of the wide range of applications of multinuclear high-resolution solid-state NMR in silicate and zeolite science, with special emphasis on the various kinds of chemical information retrievable from the NMR experiments.

(Continued on page A338) Number 12

December 1988

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