Laboratory Record Book of Quantitative Analysis (Engelder, Carl J

A Textbook of Practical Physical Chemistry (Fajans, K.; Wust, J.) Journal of Chemical Education. Felsing. 1931 8 (5), p 1009. Abstract: Translated by ...
0 downloads 0 Views 1MB Size
VOL.8. NO. 5


lished. The resulting book is interesting, instructive, well-mitten, and suitably published. The first part of the book (111 pages) shows the theoretical basis of the work. Werner's valence theory is discussed a t considerable length and its important bearing upon the methods of qualitative analysis is pointed out. Interference caused by other ions is discussed and i t is shown how such interference can be overcome or even utilized in making tests. The effect of the position of certain groups in organic compounds is shown and the way t o develop new reagents pointed out. Induced reactions are explained. I n the practical part of the book. several sensitive tests are given for the ions likely to be present in a solution of inorganic material. The smallest quantity of detectable ion and the greatest permissible dilution are indicated. If a reagent is used which is not likely to be a t hand, directions are given for its preparation. After the individual tests have been described, several schemes for the systematic analysis of solutions are given and finally tests are given showing how very small quantities of material can be detected as impurities in metals, solutions, and minerals. Tests are also given which will serve for the identification of various minerals. One should have a fair knowledge of both physical and organic chemistry t o appreciate fully the value of this text, although the tests are themselves described so clearly that the necessarv technic will be lcarnrd easily. It is interesting to not* that a t lea5t one technical schrwl (at Delft. has already made provision for introducing these methods of analysis into the curriculum. WILLIAMT . HALL

Laboratory Record Book of Qualitative Analysis. CARL J. ENGELDER,Professor of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh. John Wiley & Sons. Inc., New


York City, 19.31. 103 pp. 15 X 23 cm. $1.00. This is a laboratory record book prepared t o accompany the author's "Elementary Qualitative Analysis." [For review of this book see J. C ~ ME .~ u c . 5. , 9 0 3 4 (July, 1928).] It contains forms for recording laboratory observations, including equations to be completed, and for reporting the results of the analysis of unknowns. The equations called for appear t o be mainly ionic, although frequently in metathetical reactions strong electrolytes are written as molecules. The book will be warmly welcomed by many instructors, since its systematizes and abridges the student's record, and thereby reduces the labor and tedium of checking and correcting notes. It should be remembered, on the other hand, that there is a risk that these made-to-order forms will lead to perfunctoriness on the part of the student: if he is allowed to get the habit of filling in the blanks with a minimum of reflection and eEort. Neither this very promising book nor any other laboratory help, f o r t h a t matter, A n take the place of an alert, conscientious, and ever-present laboratory instructor. Reenforced then by well-directed laboratory teaching, this record book will be found t o be very satisfactory. The book is neatly and inexpensively bound in heavy paper-well suited t o last for a sin& semestee.

Laboratory Record Book of Quantitative Analysis. CARLJ. ENGELDER, Ph.D., Professor of Analytical Chemistry, University of Pittshurgl~. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City. 1931. 90 pages (paper c o w ) . 15 X 23 cm. $1.00. This Laboratory Record Book is intended t o be used in connection w(th the author's "Textbook of Elementary Quantitative Analysis" [for review of this book see J. CHEM.EDUC..7, 9 5 3 4 (April. 1930)1, and is intended t o serve the



double purpose of making i t easier for the student to keep a well-organized set of notes of laboratoly data and far the instructor to have provided a compilation of the students' data in readily filed form. The first puroose is served by the blank forms permanently attached to the record book with entries for the various weighings, measurements, and observations based on calculations, space for which calculations is provided in the record hook. The second purpose is served by a series of report forms in duplicate t o be filled out by the student, which are detachable from the record hook by means of perforated margins. One record is filed by the instructor and the second returned to the student. The record book has fifty blank pages, eight sections for gravimetric analyses and seven sections for volumetric determinations. There are accordingly fifteen perforated pages of report records, each page blank on the reverse side. There is in addition appended a four-place table of logarithms and a table of atomic weights. Some instructors may object t o the pedagogical priudple embodied in the idea of the record book, but most of these will be in accord with the labor-saving system incorporated.






Perchloric Acid.

FREDERICKSMITH,Pb.D., Assistant Professor, University of Illinois, The G, Frederick Smith Chemical Co,, Columbus, Ohio, 1931. 61 pp. 15.5 X 23 em.

On request to publisher.

This booklet contains authentic, scientific, and practical considerations relative to the use of perchloric acid as an important research and routine analytical chemical reagent with special reference to rapidity, accuracy, and economy. The contenh include a discussion of the general characteristics of perchloric acid, and the use of this reagent in the determination of (1) silica in metals and allays, limestone and soluble silicates, magnesite, and fluorspar; (2) chromium in various steels; (3) chromic oxide and chromite; and (4) sulfur in rubber. A method for the separation and determination of the alkali metals using perchloric acid is also out,:-.>





""",. ".

How to Apply for a School and Secure Promotion. WM. RUPFER, Ph.D., Rocky Mt. Teachers' Agency, Denver, colo., 1927. 32 pp. 8 X 1 5 m . This booklet contains much valuable information to teachers making applications for positions. I t is given free t o members of the agency.