Pilot-Plant Technical Assessment of Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization


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Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2006, 45, 6093-6094

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Volume 45, Number 4 Pilot-Plant Technical Assessment of Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization Using Limestone. F. J. Gutie´rrez Ortiz,* F. Vidal, P. Ollero, L. Salvador, V. Corte´s, A. Gime´nez, and P. Otero Pages 1466-1477. An author, Pedro Otero, of ENDESA, was omitted from the author list for this paper by mistake. The full author lines, and their corresponding affiliations, should appear as follows: F. J. Gutie´ rrez Ortiz, F. Vidal, P. Ollero, L. Salvador, and V. Corte´ s Departamento de Ingenierı´a Quı´mica y Ambiental, UniVersidad de SeVilla, Camino de los Descubrimientos s/n, 41092 SeVille, Spain A. Gime´ nez and P. Otero ENDESA, Ribera de Loira 60, 28042 Madrid, Spain IE0680066 10.1021/ie0680066 Published on Web 07/18/2006

Volume 45, Number 14 Phase Equilibrium in Formaldehyde Containing Multicomponent Mixtures: Experimental Results for Fluid Phase Equilibria of (Formaldehyde + (Water or Methanol) + Methylal)) and (Formaldehyde + Water + Methanol + Methylal) and Comparison with Predictions. Christian Kuhnert, Michael Albert, Silke Breyer, Immanuel Hahnenstein, Hans Hasse, and Gerd Maurer* Pages 5155-5164. Because of a production error, the reference list for this paper was numbered incorrectly. There should be only 25 references, rather than 27. The correct reference list should read as follows: Literature Cited (1) Maurer, G. Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium of Formaldehyde- and WaterContaining Multicomponent Mixtures. AIChE J. 1986, 32, 932-948. (2) Hasse, H.; Hahnenstein, I.; Maurer, G. Revised Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Model for Multicomponent Formaldehyde Mixtures. AIChE J. 1990, 36, 1807-1814. (3) Hasse H. Dampf-Flu¨ssigkeitsgleichgewichte, Enthalpien und Reaktionskinetik in formaldehydhaltigen Mischungen. PhD Dissertation, Universita¨t Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1990. (4) Hasse, H.; Maurer, G. Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium of FormaldehydeContaining Mixtures at Temperatures below 320 K. Fluid Phase Equilib. 1991, 64, 185-199. (5) Hasse, H.; Maurer, G. Kinetics of the Polyoxymethylene Glycol Formation in Aqueous Formaldehyde Solutions. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1991, 30, 2195-2200. (6) Hasse, H.; Maurer, G. Heat of Dilution in Aqueous and Methanolic Formaldehyde Solutions. Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem. 1992, 96, 83-96. (7) Liu, Y.-Q.; Hasse, H.; Maurer, G. Enthalpy change on vaporization of aqueous and methanolic Formaldehyde solutions. AIChE J. 1992, 38, 1693-1702. (8) Hahnenstein, I.; Hasse, H.; Liu, Y.-Q.; Maurer, G. Thermodynamic properties of formaldehyde containing mixtures for separation process design. AIChE Symp. Ser. 1994, 90 (298), 141-157. (9) Hahnenstein, I.; Hasse, H.; Kreiter, C. G.; Maurer, G. 1H- and 13CNMR-spectroscopic study of chemical equilibria in solutions of formalde-

hyde in water, deuterium oxide, and methanol. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1994, 33, 1022-1029. (10) Hahnenstein, I.; Albert, M.; Hasse, H.; Kreiter, C. G.; Maurer, G. NMR-Spectroscopic and Densimetric Studies of Reaction Kinetics of Formaldehyde-Polymer Formation in Water, Deuterium Oxide, and Methanol. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1995, 34, 440-450. (11) Albert, M.; Hahnenstein, I.; Hasse, H.; Maurer, G. Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium of Formaldehyde Mixtures: New Experimental Data and Model Revision. AIChE J. 1996, 42, 1741-1752. (12) Albert, M. Thermodynamische Eigenschaften formaldehydhaltiger Mischungen. PhD Dissertation, Universita¨t Kaiserslautern, Shaker: Aachen, Germany, 1999; ISBN 3-8265-6227-5. (13) Albert, M.; Coto Garcı´a, B.; Kreiter, C.; Maurer, G. Vapor-liquid and chemical equilibria of formaldehyde-water mixtures. AIChE J. 1999, 45, 2024-2033. (14) Albert, M.; Coto Garcı´a, B.; Kuhnert, Ch.; Peschla, R.; Maurer, G. Vapor- Liquid Equilibria for Aqueous Solutions of Formaldehyde and Methanol. AIChE J. 2000, 46, 1676-1687. (15) Maiwald, M.; Fischer, H. H.; Ott, M.; Kuhnert, Ch.; Kreiter, C. G.; Maurer, G.; Hasse, H. Quantitative NMR Spectroscopy of Complex Liquid Mixtures: Methods and Results for Chemical Equilibria in Formaldehyde-Water-Methanol at Temperatures up to 383 K. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2003, 42, 259-266. (16) Kuhnert, Ch. Dampf-Flu¨ssigkeits-Gleichgewichte in mehrkomponentigen formaldehydhaltigen Systemen. PhD Dissertation, Technische Universita¨t Kaiserslautern, Shaker: Aachen, Germany, 2004; ISBN 3-83222689-3. (17) Albert, M.; Hasse, H.; Kuhnert, Ch.; Maurer, G. New experimental results for the vapor-liquid equilibrium of the binary system (trioxane + water) and the ternary system (formaldehyde + trioxane + water). J. Chem. Eng. Data 2005, 50, 1218-1223. (18) Albert, M.; Hahnenstein, I.; Hasse, H.; Maurer, G. Vapor-Liquid and Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium in Aqueous and Methanolic Solutions of Methylal. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2001, 46, 897-903. (19) Peschla, R.; Coto Garcı´a, B.; Albert, M.; Kreiter, C.; Maurer, G. Chemical Equilibrium and Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium in Aqueous Solutions of Formaldehyde and 1-Butanol. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2003, 42, 15081516.

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(20) Coto Garcı´a, B.; Peschla, R.; Kreiter, C. G.; Maurer, G. Reaction kinetics in Liquid Mixtures of Formaldehyde and 1-Butanol from 13C NMR Spectroscopy. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2003, 42, 2934-2939. (21) Shan, Z.; Wang, Y.; Qui, S.; Zheng, C.; Shi, J. Vapor-liquid equilibria for the quaternary system of formaldehyde (1) - methanol (2) - methylal (3) - water (4). Fluid Phase Equilib. 1995, 111, 113-126. (22) Walker, J. F. Formaldehyde, 3rd ed.; Reinhold Publ.: New York, 1964. (23) Reid, R. C.; Prausnitz, J. M.; Sherwood, T. K. The properties of gases and liquids, 3rd ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, 1977. (24) Fredenslund, Aa.; Jones, R. L.; Prausnitz, J. M. Group-Contribution Estimation of Activity Coefficients in Nonideal Liquid Mixtures. AIChE J. 1975, 21, 1086-1099.

(25) Abrams, D. S.; Prausnitz, J. M. Statistical Thermodynamics of Liquid Mixtures: A New Expression for the Excess Gibbs Energy of Partly or Completely Miscible Systems. AIChE J. 1975, 21, 116-128.

The numbering of the reference citations within the text are correct as published; the corrections only affect the numbering of the reference list. IE068008Q 10.1021/ie068008q Published on Web 07/14/2006