book reviews Editor: W. F. KIEFFER College of Woator Wowler, Ohio
student with some background in high school chemistry, although a9 the authors say, "it can he handled, with some perseverance, even by the student who has not had the high school course." I t would be worthwhile for general chemistry teachers to consider this text for their use.
DONALD B. SUMMERS N m Mezico Slate University Las Cruces, New Mezieo 88001
Fundamentals of Chemistry
Frank Brescia, John A~enls, Herbert Meislich, and Amos Tu&, all of the City College of the City University of New York. 2nd ed. Academic Press, Inc., 796 pp. New York, 1970. xxi Figs. and tables. 18.5 X 26 om. $10.95.
It has been four years since the first edition of this book was published and the number of pages has been cot from 816 to 796. Even though the new edition has slightly larger dimensions, the total amount of reading material is 5 4 % less because of the wide margins provided for notes in the new edition. In the reviewer's opinion this is a trend in the right direction because many freshman chemistry texts are becoming unwieldy both in size and words. The order in which material is presented, although essentially the same as the previous edition has undergone some rearrangement, i.e., organic chemistry now appears in the last third of the text rather than the first third. Although new titles to chapters have been added, such as the Chemistry of Representative Elements, the Chemistry of the Transition Elements, Radiation and Matter, and Separation and Purifioation, much of the material in these chapters appeared in the first edition a t different places. An exception is the chapter on Radiation and Matter. The treatment of entropy is enlarged as is the presentation of reaction
in this lssu-
mechanisms, wave mechanics, and acids and bases-hard and soft acids now appear. Material which is given less emphasis is qualitative analysis, metallurgical processes, and some historical development. Some of the full page diagrams have been decreased in size. Important words, phrases, sentences, and definitions are given in italics and the paragraph headings are put in the margins. In the first edition, these items were in heavy hlack print. Once again, sample problems are well explained and set apart from the body of the text by a different color print. (Second edition-a light green versus s. heavy black print in the first edition.) Mast of the extensive list of problem a t the end of each chapter are different than those in the first edition and furthermore, the total number and varieties of problems has been greatly increased (about 40% more problems per chapter). For example the chapter on Atoms and Molecules has the greatest number with 78 different prablems; most chapters offer 20-30 different ones and only one chapter (Intermolecular Forces) offers very few with only 8. Answers are given to all of the numerical problem. In the reviewers opinion, this wide selection of problems is a big help to the busy general chemistry teacher. If there is a teacher's manual to accompany the hook, which gives detailed answers to all of the questions, it would he of exceptional value as a time saver. The hook seem to he aimed at the good
Principles of Chemistry: A Structural Approach
Garth I m , Utah State University, Logan. International Textbook Ca., Scranton, Pennsylvenia, 1970. xiii 713 pp. Figs. and tables. 18.5 X 26 om. $11.25.
This new entry to the field of freshman texts is intended far use in general ohemistry courses for chemistry majors and other science or engineering-oriented students. A knowledge of high-school chemistry is recommended, but sufficientfundamental material is included so that it could be used by intelligent students with no chemistry background. Algebra. is, of course, s prerequisite, hut ealculus is not required. Professor Lee effectively utilizes his years of teaching and previous writing experience as ca-author of the text, "General Chemistry: Inorganic and Organic," designed for s. less rigorous course (see J. CHEM.EDUC.43, 166 (1966)). His new volume uses an approach which is diflerent and a bit more sophistimted than any high-school program including the Chemical Bond Approach and Chem Study, and should prove interesting and challenging to bright, well-prepared beginning chemistry students. The hook is neatly attract,ive and effectively illustrated by Richard S. Bird in a two-color format. Dr. Lee refreshingly takes the historical approach in describing the development of some concepts to lend interest and to provide a basis for an apprecistion of the scientific method. Topics snd principles stressed are: the kinetio theory as it applies to the three states of matter, atomic structure, bonding, solutions, rates of reaction, chemical equilibrium, and electrochemistry. Thermodynamics does not appear as a. separate study but is introduced and applied where needed. The chapter on bonding is, without doubt, one of the best organized presentations of introductory molecular orbital theory presently on the market. Eight of the chapters contain discussions of tne elements and their inorganic compounds in t e r m of the principles and are correlated with atomic and molecular structure and with the position of the element in the periodio table. A student taking a course based on this text would not likely believe silver chloride to he a "pale green gas" (J. CHEM.EDUC. 47, 27 (1970)). Organic chemistry is not included in the text, but this is not a drawback since the chemistry majors would he taking later courses in that subject. (Continued on page A 108)
Volume 48, Number 2, Febr'uary 1971
book reviews The quantitative chapters contain an abundance of example problems with t,he solutions clearly shown, complete with units, and the answers given to the appropriate number of significant figures. Numerous exercises with answers appear within the chapters and additional exercises are provided at the end of each chapter so that a. snpplement,ary problem hook is unnecessary. The useful appendix contains s. luoid discussion of significant figures, brief reviews of the exponential form, the use of logarithms, straight line equations, and of calculation of the diameter of a sphere that fit,s various crystal holes relative to the diameter of the spheres surrounding the hole. I t also includes the periodic table, four-place logarithms, and answers to selected exercises. I n summn-ry, serious consideration should he given to this text by professors who favor a, modern, strongly structural qproach for science-oriented students. Properly used, i t should supply a firm fonndation for further courses in chemistry. For those not teaching such a oonrse. the volume still would he useful la=orbital theory.
Experimenlal Physical Chemistry Farrington Daniels, et al., University of Wisconsin, Madison. 7th ed. McGrm-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 1970. xiii 669pp. Figs. and tables. 19.5 X 24.5 om. $9.95.
A seventh edition of the original 1929 "Experimental Physioal Chemist,ry7' by Daniels, et aI. is now available. On the s~.ri.,w, the uttl~,r.:2ppe.t~t t , h : t w n d r :t tla,rw&pinc rrvi-ion <,I 11w +xth I'ni? t:d11101~. TIP i l l ~ ~ - ~ r i t t i oh~t t. w - lwcn redrawn in a more modern style. All of t,he references have been rewrit,ten to conform with current style. The majority of t,he experimenis retained from t,he Sixt,h Edition cont,ain minor changes intended to improve t,he clarity of discussion or reflect advances in technique and instmmentation. Important changes are present, too. There are five new experiments. Vsouum Technique, which is an exercise in the use of a glass vacuum line, is a ges densitymolecular weight determination which replaces the Victor Meyer method found in earlier edit,ians. Experiment 6 is a direct det,erminzt,ion of AH,' for TiCL by calorimetrio met,hods; it reqoires glassblowing experience and may he fairly hasardoue. Experiment 33 is a det,ermimtion of dipole moment., from gas dielectrio constants which uses the heterodyne heat method. Experiment 40, Infrared and ALDERTINE KROHN Ramin Spectra of Triatomic I\lolecnles, University qf Toledo provides an illustration of the power of Toledo, Ohio combining the two spectrascopic tech-
Journal of Chemical Educafion
niques. This experiment can he made even more powerful by the use of gasphase Raman equipment, now available in many laboratories. Experiment 43, Electron Spin Resonance, another new experiment, provides an exercise in the technique of esr. In addition, major changes have been m d e in the techniques used in the experiments on Sedimentation Rate, nmr, and Rubber Ela-ticiby. Several experiments in the Sixth Edition have been deleted: t,he Victor Meyer molecular weight determination, t,he ethanol-acet,ic acid est,erificetion equilibrium, the FIitt,orf method for transference numbers, the dropping mercury elect,rode and the determination of range and energy of b& particles. A numher of other more classical experiments have been shortened or combined. There is a brief sect.ion on the use of computers in data processing and three proflams including one for m e with the experiment on vapor-liquid eqoilihrium. A short appendix snmmarizing vector not,atian and msnipulations has been added. In spite of the changes, the emphasis of the Seventh Edition is on fairly clessi~d techniques. The importance of experiments to biophysical chcmist,ry is not made clear. The ORD exowiment, makes onlv passing reference to the helix-mil experiment. Chapter 15, Maoromoleeular Chemistry, includes experiments on viscosity of polymer solut,ions, osmotio pressure, sedimentst,ion rate, and the t,hermodynamics of rubber elsst,ioity, none of which employs samples of hiologioal (Continued on pago A 113)
lation has permitted some revision and the tion to the Schrodinger equation, the addition of some references. The most particle in a potential well, atomic orhirecent references me from 1968. Six tals, and molecular orbital theory for simFrenchmen (including the editor who interest or empha~izesthe biological imple molecules. The second half of the wrote four chapters) have contributed the portance of these techniques. The kinetics hook is devoted to the theory of wnjw nine chapters. They write with authority experiments are very traditional and do gated orgenic molecules. These are and draw on their extensive experience in not reflect recent advances in the field. treated in considerable detail a t the level evaluating the literature. The coverage is of Hiickel theory. Particular emphasis is There are no experiments on enzyme wide although no hook of this size could kinetics, fast kinetics, fluorescence decay, placed on the use of nonbonding r orbitals he exhaustive. It has a European flavor and no experiments which emphasize and on the interpretation of the reactiviwhich is natural. About 1600 references the dependence of reaction cross-section ties of conjugated molecules. Although are included, doubtlessly some of them on energy. Most serious, perhaps, is the the author uses Hiickel theory almost exduplicates. lack of emphasis on the use of the digital clusively, he takes pains to point out the rather artificial nature of the approximacomputer, which is one of the most imProbably the most useful chapter is the tion. For example, he shows what a wide portant techniques a student of physical last one, Application and Techniques, 92 chemistry can learn. The Seventh Edition variety of values for the semiempirical pages long, by Serpinet. In it, laboratory resonance integral are obtained by fitting contains only a. short description of the procedures are given for eleven types of use of computers plus three programs. various spectroscopic and thermochemical samples. Thus this book is not as comThere is no experiment in which the use of data. A few p q e s are devoted to menplete in this type of practical information s. computer is neeessav to interpret the tioning various methods for improving on as Burchfield and Storrs ("Biochemicd data, such as Fourier spectroscopy or an Hiickel theory. Applications of Gas Chromatography," X-ray experiment in which interrstomic Unfortunately, the hook contains many Academic, 1962). Rather it is more incorrect and misleading statements. A distances are obtained from intensity nearly comparable to the book edited by few examples may he mentioned here. data. Ettre and Zlatkis ("The Practice of Gas On p. 7 the author states that a free part,iIn all seven editions of "Experimental Chromatography," Interscience, 1967). cle cannot be at rest, but must have nonPhysical Chemistry'' the authors have An over-ridine consideration in the comsero momentum; in fact there is no reason stated in the Preface, "The imperative is pariwn of t h I W~D h m~k l : i i that b:ttrp i~ to exclude the solution for zero momennot used. Procedures are described hot abut LOO pngri longer and vu.1.i :xl>out515 tum. The table of hydrogenic wave orders are not given. The student studies less. functions on p. 37 will certainly leave a the experiment first and then plans his student with the impression that the real work-a method which develops both his Indeed, any book of less than 400 pages 2p. and 2p, wave functions are to be assopower and his interest.'' Indeed, the which costs $30 had better he a very good ciated with the values +1 and - 1 of the reader will not find an instruction such as one. Unhappily Tranchant does not magnetic quantum number m. Later on "Turn Stopcock B." He will find "Stopmeasure up. The paper in this book is of the author does say that this is not really cock B is turned." Procedures are given poor quality except for thirty pages near true, hut without ever indicating any reas a detailed set of "suggestions" in the the beginning, which for some reason are lationship between the quantum numbers passive voice. The tone of the procedural printed on a better quality. The referand angular momentum. The list of instructions, however, is inescapably ences at the end of each chapter are orbitals for homonuclear diatomic moleimperative, and this provides a focus for arranged differently in each chapter and cules on p. 90 makes the same error as my major criticism of this hook. "Experinone of them is very logical. This is many freshman texts in placing the 2pr mental Physioal Chemistry" is not a text especially unfortunate since there is no orbital lower in energy than the Zp,. The which encourages a. student to be creative overall author index, and the subject normal order is the reverse, as shown, for in the development of experiments. I t is index is poor. A short section on the example, by the ground states of C2 and not a text which awakens or stimulates literature of gas chromatography is not Nn+. On p. 6 3 the author refers to the scientific curiosity. I t cannot, therefore, as well done as that by Ettre. self-consistent field method as giving the be recommended ss 8. text for use in courses The hook contains needless duplica.tion "most complete and accurate calculain which these things are important oomof which the following is typicd In tions!' This is far from true. The Bornponents. As a reference it will he valuable, Chapter N, Apparatus, it says; "In order Oppenheimer approximation is mentioned and it may be snitable for 8. course with a to make & so-called 'traditional' column, on p. 68, hut no student would grasp the heavy emphasis on experimental techtubes of stainless steel, copper, glass, or nature of this very important concept nique. from the description given. Another displastic material may be used. The reaThe flavor of the Seventh Edition of sons for chdosing a particular material are "Experimental Physicd Chemistry" ~s appointing feature of the hook is the lack of any references in the text. This is only dealt with in Chapter V." The relevant essentially the flavor of the Sixth Edition. one-half page in Chapter V, Columns, I suspect that it is just this flavor which slightly remedied by a page of suggested begins with "Columns may he prepared has caused Rome undergraduates to find further readings at the end of the book. from stainless steel (soft), copper, alumiIn summary, the book is a fairly good chemistry less ~alatable. In fairness I num, or glass (silver and plastic materials introduction to Huckel theory for conjumust add that I am not familiar with anv gated organic molecules. On the other are seldom used)!' There is no need to other laboratory text in physical ohemistr; repeat this type of information, hut since hand, this reviewer cannot recommend it which provides m o h relief from this heavy the editor took time in Chapter IV to note as s text for an introductory course in taste. quantum theory as the student would get this cross-reference, he should have at J. S. KITTELRERGERtoo many wrong i d e a shout the fundaleast seen to it that the sentences were Amherst College mentals. consistent. A mherst, Massachusetts 01002 S. J. STRICKLER Most of the useful information in this Quantum Chemistry: Elementary Univwsitz, of Colorado book, like the tables and procedures, are Boulder Principles and Methods also included in Ettre's book which would make a less expensive reference work. N . V. Rirgs, University of New England, For individual student use, McNair and Armidale, New South Wales, Australia. Practical Manual of Gas Banelli's book ("Basic Gas ChromatogMaemillan Co., New York, 1969. ix Chromatography raphy;' Varian Aerograph, 1969) also 243 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 24 cm. contams much valuable practical informaEdited by Jean T~anchant,Laboratoire $8.95. tion at alower price ($5). Central des Poudres, Paris. American The author of this introductory text is Elsevier Publishing Co., Inc., New JAMES M. MILLER an organic chemist, and the treatment is 387 pp. Figs. and York, 1969. xix Drew University particularly aimed at the needs of a hetables. 16 X 23 om. $30. ginning organic student. This is perhaps Madison, N. J. This book is the Erst English translation the strong point of the book. I t starts (Continued on page A 116) of the second French edition. The transwith the standard topics: an introduc-
Journal of Chemical Education
book reviews Approximate Molecular Orbital Theory
John A. Popre, Carnegie-Mellon University; and David L. Bewidge, City University of New York. McGrawHill Book Company, New York, 1970. viii 214 pp. Figs. and tables. 15 X 23.5 om. $10.
Although r electron molecular orbital theory is quite successful in elucidating many chemical and physical properties of planar conjugated molecules, many attempts to calculate those of nonplanar molecules with the r electron molecular orbital methods were also considerably successful. However, ss Dewar points out (see Dewar's "The Molecular Orbital Theory of Organic Chemistry") r electron MO theory is still of limited chemical value; it cannot even be applied to reactions of conjugated molecules since transition states do not normally have the symmetry necessary far the r electron MO approximation to he applicable, nor can it be applied to many problems concerning the behavior of nonconjugated molecules, such as conformational equilibria and steric hindrance. Furthermore, the success of nonplanar molecular calculations was restricted to very limited series of molecules. Therefore, one of the main features of recent semiempirical quantum chemical calculations is the growing interest in extensions and modilicrttions of the r electron MO theory to include all
Journal of Chemicol Education
valence electrons in the calculation. The present book is the first textbook to present the theory and methodology of approximate SCF-MO theory for all valence electrons. The authon begin their presentation with a brief discussion on quantum mechanical background; then follows a description of self-consistent field molecular orbital theory. The energy expression for a dosed-shell configuration, the Hsrtree-Fock equations for molecular orbitals and LCAO molecular orbitals for closed-shell and open-shell systems me discussed. Hydrogen fluoride has been used as an example to illustrate the LCAOSCF method. After presenting these backgrounds of SCF MO theory, then approximate molecular orbital thwries are introduced. The development of CNDO and INDO methods is stressed. The procedures of these methods are presented in a quite extensive manner. NDDO method is also described. In the last chapter of this book, CNDO and INDO methods are amdied to calculate and intemret molecu l ~ geumerrie~, r eleetnmic rharge dlrribumtd I I I I V I P L interII.~~~ Lids, rIe(.tron-PP~II avtions, lwlear q,ilt and nrlrlear spin interactions, etc. Listings of computer programs for the actual carrying out of the calculations are included in the appendix. Throuahout the book, the nresent* tions a< clear and easy to follo'w. This book contains the best discussion of this growing field I have ever seen. It is not only an excellent textbook for students hut also a useful reference for research workers. The authors' insights on various problems
in this field make this book valuable to research chemists. The hook should b e long on the shelf of every quantum chemist.
YUHKANGPAN Boston College Chestnut Hill, Mass. 02167 Radiation Protection and Senriliration Edited by Harold Morosm, Sloan - Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, Rye, New York, and Maxello Quintilim i , Instituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome. Barnes and Noble, Inc., New York, 1960. xvi 524 pp. Figs. and tables. 19 X 27 cm. $25.
This volume contains the proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Radiosemitivity and Radioprotective Drugs held a t the Istituo Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy, May, 1969. The mog.orraph is conqwsed d ;r~esrchrcsdt.i obtained . i r m the fird nlreting, which was held I U 1964. and corn~risc;tivr review leotures, and 68 invitedAandcontributed papers representing the work of 162 scientists from 20 countries. The hook is written in English. Authors of individual papers and reviews have prepared them well; an introduction to the subject, experimental section (referenced), results and discussion of the results in terms of related researoh efforts are p r e sented in each section. The five review articles serve to provide the reader s broader view of this vast area. of research
(Continued m page A 118)
book reviews which encompasses the fields of organic chemistry, radiation research, and molecular hiology. These articles precede the main or ti on of the monograph which deals with mare specific research topics. The editors have organized the contributions in a systematic fashion and have included a subject and author index. Participants in the symposium sre also organized on the basis of countrv in the beginning - of the volume. Topid reviewed involve the molecular mechenisms of cellular radio-sensitization and protection, the repsir of DNA and the mode of action of these compounds, di& cussion of clinical investigations of halogenated pyrimidine analogs and radiosensitization and the protection of biological svstems from ionizina - radiation by sulfur containing compounds and those not wntaining this element (hypaxic agents and autonomic amines). Papers are classified biologically with 8 wnsidering molecular processes, 27 involved with protection and sensitization in single cells and 17 with multicellulm systems, 10 wnsidering the biochemistry and pha~mawlogyof protective and sensitizing compounds, and 4 involved with clinicel investigations. While most of these topics have been previously reviewed in a number of texts and journals owing to the rapid growth of information, this volume is timely, interesting to read, and informative. Unfortunately, it is already one year old. This monograph should he included in chemically and biologically oriented libraries serving research interests in free radical processes (in vitro and in viva), radiation research, cellular biology and hiochemistry, c a n m therapy, and drugs. In addition to its obvious usefulness in research, this work can serve as an idea source for a multitude of chemically and biologically oriented senior thesis problems and may be utilized es a reference far information to he incorporated into the free radical chemistry section of undergraduate and graduate organic (and especially organ-biochemistry) courses and for outside lecture reading awignments. All papers and reviews are referenced. Although much of this volume is probably too advanced for the average undergraduate student, superior students in chemistry could conceivably gain muoh from reading selected papers and reviews. A knowledge of organic and biochemistry is a prereauisite to thorouehlv understanding this vofume. A biology major with no o%snic chemical background would find most of this work virtually impossible to understand except in a. very qualitative sense. In light, of the previous suggestions, this reviewer recommends the purchase of this monograph by undergraduate chemistry libraries. Such a purchase would he worthwhile if lecture material for organic major and, in particular, organic courses designed for students entering the hiological sscienoes or other areas were abstracted from it and subsequently, reading assignments were made. DONALD T. WITIAK College of Pharmacy The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio 43810
Journal of Chernicol Education
John Dalton and the Atomic Theory
Elizabeth C. Patterson, Albertus Magnus College, New Haven, Connecticut. Doubleday and Ca., Inc., Garden City, 348 pp. 15 X New York, 1970. X 22 cm. Hardbound, $6.95; softbound, $1.95.
book that is deserving of a wide circulation. RALPHE. OESPER University of Cincinnati Cineinnati, Ohio, 46S81
The 10-page Bibliography of hooks and papers by and about Dalton and his scwmplishments published in English (items in other languages have not been included) give an indication that this is not a. neglected topic. However the author's text reveds clearly that she has resd and digested thii previous literature snd used it well in constructing her very readable and interesting hook. The more than forty illustrations add significantly. Furthemiore the issuance of a cheap paperback edition was a wise move and should aid in bringing this text into many libraries and private collections. If a library is to wntain only one hook on Dalton and his theory the vohtme under review should he chosen; larger wllections should expand their holdings by adding this most recent book. John Ddton (1776-1844) pioneer physicd chemist and meteorologist, who is best known as "the father of the modern atomic theory" was largely self-educated and spent most of his life as a teacher of mathematics and science in small schools or as a private instructor. For many years he faithfully recorded weather data and left approximately 200,000 such measurements. He was interested in the physical behavior of gases and his law of partial pressures is an important wntrihution. He devised a. series of pictographic representations of the various atomic species hut this was soon supplanted by the Berselian system which is still in use. He depmted from the ancient notions by insisting that each atomic species wa? characterized by an "atomic weight" and so quantified reactions. His insistence on the weight aspects brought him into conflict with such men as Davy, Berzelius, Berthollet, and Gay-Lussac, who accepted volnme relat,ionships as of prime importance. Dalton was not a polished speaker, he had a poor pltatform manner but nonetheless was frequently invited to deliver courses of lectures. He published only one book of consequence, namely his "A New Sydem of Chemical Philosophy" (Volume 1, 1808, Volume 2, 1810). Practically all of his worthwhile work had been published by the time he was 35 though he lived to he 68. Like his elder brother Jonathan, Dalton suffered from color blindness, a. defect that is still known as daltonism. Though he certainly would have disapproved, he was given a state funeral, a n d a t least 40,000 viewed his remains, though his eyes had been removed in 8. vain attempt to discover the reason for his colorhlindness. The author is well known in history of science circles. She has published excellent work and is a good teacher. She has taken the existing literature on Dalton as a foundation, and.has added the fruits of her own investigations and after five years of work has produced a
E m t Bhinger, Heinz Moos Verlt~g, Hartnagelstrasse 11. 8032 Grafeling vor M"nchen, West Germany, 1969. 108 pp. 137 illustrations. 22 X 24 cm. DM 18 (= approx. $5). Otto Hahn (1879-19681, outstanding German nuclear chemist, was best known for his discovery (with the collaboration of F. Strassmann) of the fission of uranium atoms when bomberded with neutrons. He had no part in the subsequent misuse of his fundamental discovery and it was reported, though erroneously, that he had seriously considered wmmitting suicide when informed of the dropping of the atom bombs an Hiroshima. and Nagasaki. Numerous other successes had come to him and he rightfully received many honors including the Nobel and the Enrico Fermi Prizes. He was known throughout the world of the physical sciences; he visited with and corresponded with many of the world's leading scientists. He was trained under Ilutherford, lectured a t Cornell, and risked his position during the Hitler regime through his efforts on behalf of the Jews. He lived to he slmost 90 and was active almost to the end. He was a useful public servant and 8. true friend of mankind. Hahnium has been suggested as the name for element 105. These feats and interests are reflected in and add much to the interest and value of the hook under review here. A review of Hahn's "Scientific Autobiography" (translated and edited by 44, Willy Ley) appeared in THIS JOURNAL, A611 (1967). The. present hook constitutes a. kind of supplement and presents an objective rather than a subjective picture of Hahn and his work. T h e attractiveness of this handsome though inexpensive volume resides in the wealth of its illustrations. Hitherto unpublished photographs of Hahn with prominent scientists, facsimiles of letters, diary pages, telegrams, notebooks, etc., make this hook a joy to look at. These pictures provide an insight into the career and life of this famous man that cennot he gotten otherwise. The author has obviously spent much time in the search for material and the selection of the items from the immense mass of available items could not have been easy. The German text is not difficult to follow. However the pictures are the thing here and should interest even those chemists and physicists who have little command of the German language. Unfortunately there are errors that could have been avoided hv more
collections. RALPHE. OESPER University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio 45819 (Continued on page A 180)
book reviews H. A f . Ra~icn. "Heidelherger Tawhenbucher, Band 53." Springer-Verlag, Inc., New York, 1969. viii X 123 pp. $2.4.5. This hook (in German) contains approximately 1OOO "practice questions," and aordd he suitRble as a review for a graduate dodent ~ r e ~ x r i nfor g a preliminary examination in biochemistry. Selecfrd questions muld Relve for undergraduates or medical students. Most of the questions take the form of a dialogl~e-i.e., the statement of n qnestion, and then x comment on the presumed answer, or, in some cases, a hint. I n this way, the questions serve to cause the st~tdentto think more deeply, or to search for additional information. This is not R. hook for n quick review; i t takes time to rend the questions, and m w h mmo ttme to reflect on them, hot in the opinion of this reviewer it is certainly worth-while to do so. The int,roduction states that the questions are hased on Karlaon ("Introduction to Modern Biochemistry") and M%hler and Kordes ("Biologied Chemi~tly"),hnt the coverage is much hroader than that, including, among other things, osmotic pressnre, kinetics and catalysis, free energy, and various aspects of physiology. Some of the qnestions are very general (Whnt do yon know ahout osmotic pressnre, end the laws governing it?), and some are very specific (Give three color reactions of tryptophan). I n general, however, the coverage is broader hut less detailed than that found in such assemblages of questions as Moshach's "Biorhemistry Review." All of the important topics in biochemistry seem to be covered; indeed, there is considerable dnplicat,ion and overlap of the questions. The reviewer recommends that the teacher select those questions which he deems worthy of emphasis, rather than m~igningthe hook as a whole. The seri011s student, however, may regard i t as a challenge to know all the answers. One further possihle use of the book might he a? x somee of examination questions, or of inspiration for examination questions. Chemie fiir ~ediziner-~bungrfragen
H. M . R a u m "Heidelherger Taschenhiicher, Band 32.'' Springer-Verlag, 64 pp. Inc., New York, 1969. viii $1.95.
This is a companion volume to the "BiachemistrJ~-Pmctice Questions" reviewed ahove. I t covers the entire range of chemistry-inorganic, organic, physical, and analytical, with additional questions on chemical procedures and chemical apparatus. To an American reviewer with experience in medical schools, the hook seems wrongly titled; one hardly ever enconnlers a medical stndent with anything like the knowledge of chemistry required t,o answer all of these questions, or even most of them. The hook would, however, con-
lournol o f Chemical Education
stitnte an excellent way of preparing for a senior comprehensive examination for the chemistry major, i t heing understood that the general questions "cover the waterfront," hut that the specific questions me only illustrative (dt.lthoughthe student should he able to answer almost all of them). This hook, too, might serve the teacher hoth as a source of examinabion questions, and also as n check list of both the materials and the concepts which he should he teaching.
St. Lawrence Universit?~ Canton, N . Y . Sinnbild der Chemie
Herbert 1V. Franke. Bitsilius Presse. Basel, 1966. 148 pp. Figs. and plates: 58Sfr. ($13.50). This volume may prove oseful for its 69 magnificent plates of models of molecules and crystrtls, all full or half-page, and many of them in color. Although the text ia in German, captions of the plates and fignres are given in English and Preneh a s well. The fact that the extended descriptions of the plates are collected a t the hack of the hook is an inconvenience. Whnt is worse is that the descriptions are not as informative as they should he; someone familiar with the subject would probnhly be required to describe the salient featut'es to a uovice. However, the hook does constitute a handy collection of pictures, and the plates are beautifully printed. There are also some 30 pages of text on the structure of atoms and molecules, covering both methods of determining structure, and the methods of representing structure which are exemplified in the plates. The coverage is hoth experimental and philosophicd, and includes the historical development of the field. Again, the text would hardly serve to introduce the subject to a beginner, hut, it does oonstitote an interesting refresher course for one who has already studied the material.
PETEROP:SPRR St. Lawrence University Canton, Arm York
demonstration aspects of inorganic, an* lytical! physical, and organic chemistry. Each ~llustretiveand typical experiment will be accompanied by a concise and well thought out statement of the principles underlying the experiments that have been selected with the benefit, of trials and experiences. The subject matter will deal with chemistry as taught at, the high school and junior college levels though much of the material is fitting for same senior college and perhaps grad~uatework, where chemistq enters the picbnre a%a minor subject. An estimate of the time required for each exercise is a handy featwe and the line diagrams lure most nsefol. Ample references to the literature are given, though a3 might he expected Qerman murces predominate. The experiments are graded ss to difficulty and range from fairly simple to rather sophisticated procedures. Some are designed for individunl work, others for groups of varying sizes, and experiments suitable for demonstrntion purposes to lecture classes are also included. Many of the exercises are qnant,it,ative and the sample cdculntions serve to illustrate the proper modes of keeping a laboratory notebook. Volume I deals with general laws, water, air. and the snlfor emon: Volume I1 continues with the
W . G . Laidlaw, Universit,y of Cnlgnry, Calgary, Canads. MeGmw-Hill Book 240 Co., Ino., New York, 1970. xix pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 om. $9.95.
Franz Rukatsch and Wolfgang Gldckner, Mnnich (editors) with a. staff of 14 coworkers. Aulis Verlag Deubner & Co Kiiln (Cologne) West Germany. Band I, Anorgenische Chemie I (Nichtmetdle) prepared by Erieh Iladtr, Stuttgart; Hugo Kdrperth, Wien (Vienna), Austria; and Roderich Seheer, Berlin. 1969. viii 202 pp. Line drawingii. 17 X 23 em. DM 36 ( = approx. $9.8). Band 11, Anorganische Chemie (Niehtmetalle 11) prepared by Wolfgang Gldckner, Munich; Herrnann Klie, Bremen; and Roderich 229 pp. Schecr. Berlin. 1970. ix Diagrams. 17 X 23 em. D M 40 (= approx. $11).
These are the opening volumes of a projected 6-volnme series t h a t within the next few years will cover the laboratory or
This hook is designed for n first. eonrse in quantum mechanics to he taught a t the sophomore or junior level. I t is, hy design, much less rigorous bhsn the texts eommonly used for seniors and first-year graduate students. Prinoiples of qimntom mechanics are developed in the early chapters and then applied to a variety of spectroscopic problems. Knowledge of calculus and diffcrentinl equations is riot a prerequisite, slthongh the student will have to evsluat,e n few derivatives in order to cover the entire book. Among the bet,ter features of t,his hook are the eleven dry-lab projeots scattered throughout the text. Each project cansistii of eight to twelve connected problems and enough
(Continued on page A 122)
book reviews dennriptive m.ztorinl to make x very good *elf-study exercise. The fiwt chapter provides some of t,he histo~ionl basis for q m n t n m theory, describes generalized spectroscopic experim e ~ t sand applies the Schriidinger equalion to the one dimensional particle-in-a hox. Footnotes and references which should he useful for the more serious sttldent are used generonsly in this chapter (nnd not,, ,mfort,lnately, in the rest of the hook). Although the Schriidinger e q w tion is derived in an illnminntinp fashion, discussions of such ftrndnmentals as the uncertainty principle and prapesties of the wave function seem to he intended lo develop problem solving ability (in the plopin sense) rather then understanding. The second chapter applies principles to simple systems ineloding the harmonic oseillntor, rigid rotor, hydrogen atom, and moleculnr orhitnls of diatomic molecnles. There is very little rigor in the treatments of the harmorlie oseillatov mrd rigid rotor. Many solrllions are obtained by sleight-ofhand wilh few referencm to assist the interesled student. Tho scctian on molecldar orhitals will be very nseful for undereraduates a t this level.
energies associated with various degrees of freedom are clearly described and the section on nmr will supplement the work in many orgmiic chemistry ooourses. The discussion of tlm~sitions in the following ohnpter builds on the separation of variables and wave functions treated ea~lierand introduces the time-dependent Schriidinger eqnation in 3 very clear manner. Low resolution m ~ d high resolution spectra are nnalysed in the final chapter. Many good problems are presented in this chapter and the slndent is given ample opportunity to derive molecular constants from spectroscopic data. While it is certainly easy, and perhaps common, to offer a course in quantum mechanics that is rigorous to the point of heing uninteresting t o the undergrsdnate, to same the present work may err on the side of heing so nonrigarans that it lacks credibility. A smnll amount of hlaokhoard wo1.k on the part of the instructor could minimize this shortcoming. For instance, the vnrixtional treatment could hnve been done in terms which would have permitted considerntion of AB spin systems in nmr and a more meaningful disewsion of heterommlear diatomic molecoles. The hook is relatively free nf errors. The student mav be eonfnsed bv the dabs
sve in error and a n nnconventional sign is used for the centrifugal distortion constant. This hook shodd provide the basis for 8. good sophomore qunntnm mechanics course. However, I do not feel that i t makes ntfficient use of college mathematies to stand as the only qnantum
A122 / Journol o f Chemical Educofion
mechaniw text in an undergraduate ehemistry crmicnlum.
A few minor changes in the nomenclature have also been introduced.
S.\MUELS. BUTCHER Bmodoin College Brunswick, Maine
JANET B. VANDOREN Collage o j Woosler
li'ooster, Ohio Handbook of Organomelallic Compounds
NMR Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry B. I . Ionin and B. A . Ershou, Lensovet Institute of Technology, Leningrad. Translated by C. Nigel Turlon and Tatiana I . Turton. Plenum Press, 382 pp. Figs. New York, 1970. x and tables. 16 X 23.5 cm. $25.
Edited by N o h m Hagiham, Osaka University, Makoto firnarla, Kyoto University, and Rokwa Okawam, Osaka University. W. A. Benjamin, Inc., 1044 pp. New York, 1968. xviii 16 X 23.: cm. $45.
This hook has been tmnslated into English from the original Rnssinn edition (1967). I t consists of six chapters (Fundamentals, Chemical Shifts, Spin-Spin Coupling, Analysis of Complex Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra, NMR Spectra and the Struct,ure of Orgnaic Molecules, Applicationof NMRSpectrosoopy in Various Fields of Organic Chemistry) and s n appendix. There is au wpendix, a brief Index, and numerous referenoes, of which 90 to 95% refer to jourllals published in the English language. The apparent purpose of the book is the presentation of the fundamentals of nmr with the minimum requirement of mathematical and physical bnckgromd on the part of the reader. The place of this hook in the nmr literature is not clear. The books by Becker s n d Bovey are mare appropriate as text hooks, since each of these contsins more examples of spectra and bebter collections of nmr data. Jaekman and Sternhill give a better s u n e y of the avdilahle literature data, t,hough their theory is less complete. Ionin and Frshov have x tendency to assume that the reader's background is more complete than that of a neophite. Far example, there is no clear definition of magnetically eqnivalent and nonequivalent nuclei, though tthi concept h one of the mare difficult to grasp. Usually, after a. osreful rereading of a. section, the information that is essential can he found. However, the emphasis, which is so useful for the student, is missing. In view of the high price ($25) and the lack of s. uniaue contribution to the field of nmr, the reviewer does not recommend this book for the organic chemist'? lihrary.
This volume is intended to he a general reference book of t,he organo-metallic compound7 of both noutransition and transition metith. Fundamental data, such as physical properties, soluhilily, reactivity, uses, methods of preparation, and references, are given for 1700 eompounds. Each section is int~.oducedby a short discussion of the generel properties of t,he compounds in the gl.oup. Pa1.t I1 is a. glossary of terms wed in orgnnometallic chemistry. Each compound is listed by it* strnctural formula and then indexed by name.
J A N IB. ~T V.\NDOREN College of lIrousler Wonnier, Ohm Thermal Analysis. Volume 1, Inrtrumentation, Organic Materials, and Polymers. Volume 2, Inorganic Materials and Physical Chemistry Edited by Robert F . Schwenker, Jr., Johnson and Johnson, hlilltown, N. J., mid P a d D. Cam, University of Akron, Ohio. Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1969. Vol. 1, xxiii 706 11 pp. I1 pp. Figs. and Vol. 2, xxiii 803 tables. 16.5 X 23.6 cm. 819.50 each volume.
This book consists of the offset reproductions of the manuscripts presented at, the Second International Conference on Thermal Analysis held a t Holy Cross College, Worcester, Mass., on August 1&23, 1968. Of the 95 papers included in the two volumes, 27 w e in Advances in Instmmentation, 17 in Organic Materials, Including Polymers, 19 in Inorganic Materials and Metallurgy, 15 in Physical Chemistry, 6 in Minerals, and 11 in ApJOHN D. REINHEIMER plied Sciences. Included in the ApThe College of Wooater pendixes are Recommendations for ReWoasler, Ohio 44691 porting of Thermal Analysis, Recommendations for Nomenclature in Thermal Analysis, and A Report from the CommitDictionary of Organic Compounds, tee on Standardization, International Sixth Supplement, 1970 Confederation for Thermal Anslysia. While some of the papers leave much to Edited by J. B. Thornson. 4th ed. be desired from an experimental and Oxford University Press, New York, theoretical viewpoint, this book is vdusble 1970. 280 pp. 26.8 X 20 om. $29. as a reference work in the field of thermal analysis. At the price of the two comThis sixth supplement generally follows the pattern of the earlier work, but focuses bined volumes, the book will probably he purchased ms,inly through libraries. on papers published in 1969 and makes corrections to the fifth supplement. A W. W. WENDLANDT formula. index of all new compounds and University of Houston corrected formulas are innovations in this Houston, Tez. 77004 volume. A more c o m ~ l e t eformula index of the main work and ;he Mth supplement (Continued on page A 188) is also being prepared.
book reviews Practical Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Second Edition-Part
A. H. Beckett, University of London, and J. B. Stenlake, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. 2nd ed. University of London Athlone Press, London, 1970. 425 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 25.2 cm. $12.50. The phrase "Second Edition-Part Two" of the title is a result of the rather complete revision of the first edition which has led to the inolusiou of muoh new material and to the production of the revision in two aeparate parts. This second o m t is desienrd to cover the needs of the advanced student. This book wonld serve as a suitable text for s. comse in instrumental techniques or as a useful reference book for either the student or the graduate chemist who wants an introduction to a, variet,y of techniques. The topics covered include molecular weight determinations, polarimetry, refraotometry, viscosit,y, surface tension, particle size analysis, chromatography (column, paper, thin layer, and gas), measurement of emf and pH, eanductimetric titrations, polarography, emission and absorption spectra, speetrofluorimetry, infrared, nmr and mass spectre, and radioohemicd techniques. The coverage of most of these tnpics includes some theoretical background, instrumentation, and specific experiments. This type of presentation is particularly useful to t,he chemist who is not an expert t hss an in any or all of t,hese fields b r ~who occasional need to use some of them. This hook is to he vecammended as n handy one volume desk reference for srrch s. chemist. He will usually he able to jrtdge for himself, after reading the approprint,e seotians of this hook, whether n given technique will be useful to him for solving the problem a t hand. The specific experiments described will often serve as models for the experiments required in one's own research. The references a t the end of each section will provide the reader with additional information when needed. Some experts in the arexs covered by this book might not be satisfied with the coverage afforded their areas, hot this hook, of course, does not plwport to be s definitive treatment on each topic. On thc other hand it does provide n good intvodnetian to each topie and will usually provide all the information t,he reader needs to know in order to otilise a new technique. Wit,h regard to some techniques, smh as molea~larweight determinations, t,he methods described in this hook (e.g., freesing point. depression) are likely to be supplsnt,ed in the futnre by mass spectra and gel permeetion chromatography. One of the few shortcomings of this book is lack of coverage of gel permeation chromatography (the only mention of Sephadedex is under thin-layer chromatography). However, the hook is generally up-to-date: much recent work is included. This hook, although designed for pharmeceutical chemistry, osn be recommended its a suitable text for a, chemistry
Journal o f Chemical Education
course in physical methods if the teacher does not object to the heavy use of biological or pharmaceutical materials in the experimental procedures which are described. The book is also to he recommended ss a good first-choice place to look for information on a wide variety of physical methods.
down" and reveal themselves much more plainly than they do in composing material that is destined for publication. The let.ters included in the present volume follow this pattern; a wide v a r i e t , ~of topics is included and the human side of these men is exposed. Herein lies the charm of this book. I t is recommended for purchase especially by school lihraries. R r m H E. OI:SPER Cnivcrsity of Cfncfnnati Cinrinnnti. Ohio L 5 B P 1
Die Beriihmten Erthder, Phyriker und lngenieure
Partners in Science: Letters of James Wan and Joseph Black
Edited with Introduction and Notes by Erie Robinson, University of Manchester, England, and Douglas McKie. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 502 pp. Illustrations. 1970. xvi 14.5 X 22 em. $12.50.
This volume contains the texts of 260 letters, mostly written t o or received by three eminent Scattiah leaders in science, engineering, and university teaching. So much has been published about the lives and caseem of James Watt (17361819) and Joseph Black (1728-1799) that there is no need of repetition here. The third member of the trio was John Rohison (1739-1805) who like Watt was Black's student., and who not only succeeded the latter hut after Black's death edited and published his lectures (1803) under the title "Elements of Chemistry." Watt and Robison were close friends. I n addition to the letters noted ahove, the present volume contains some letters to and from other persons because they shed additional light on matters of then current interest.. The letters extend from Janoary 10, 1768, to March 1, 1815; they have been obtained from a number of sources. Some have been published previously, others appear here in print for the first time. Part 2 of the book is made up of about 50 pages devoted to a notebook kept by Wntt and recording his experiments on heat. This will appeal particularly to specialists. Since the letters were all written before fhe typewriter age, their transcription must surely have been no easy task. Some were copied from the original manuscript copy, but others were available only from copies made by means of Watt's copying machine, an emly representative of a device that now can he fonnd in most business offices. Metienlous credit in given to the source in each imtance. The editors exhihit their competence by the notes they have supplied in which they clarify points that may puzzle many readers. The Index is excellent and provides a good guide through the pnges. I n t,he introductory chapter of his "Grosse Manner" (1910), Wilhelm Ostwald discusses the value and importance of collections of letters when evaluating the accomplishments and the l i v a of scientists. I n these the men are far more open in expressing their opinions of their contemporaries and the gestating or currenttheories; they often "let their hair
Louis Leprince Ringuet, Ocolc Polytechnique, Paris, editor, assisted by s staff of 80 scholars from various countries, and an Introduction by Reinhold Mannkopj, Glittingen University. Aulis V e h g Deubner & Co. Kiiln (Cologne) West Germany, 1968. 476 pages of text plus 160 pages of illust,rat,ions. 22.5 X 31.0 om. DM 98 postage ( - hpprox. $27.50) in toto.
This exceptionally fine quaai-history of physics and its technical and industrial developments is based on the 1946 French work "Inventews Cekbres" (published in 1946 by Mazenod], but thoroughly revised and brought almost up-to-date far the present German edition. The essays stem from French, Germm, Italian, English, and American authors and have been put into easily read German. These writers include Nobel Lnnrextes and in many caqes the biographers are equal to or superior to their snhjects with respect to ability and popnlnr esteem. The material has been divided into twenty main subjects, each intrad~xed hy an enlightening and comprehensive essay. The account extends'from the earliest era to space exploration hut ends prior to the actual landings on and return from the moon. Much of the account is clothed in the guise of brief but adequate biographical essays, somewhst reminiscent of Brigge's "Das Buch der grossen Chemiker" or Farber's "Great Chemists." The selection of whom to include or to omit in such volumes is always a thorny problem, and in the present instance 109 persons have been chosen. Some of them are not familiar to chemical readeta. The chemists who have been singled out me those who have been active in the border zones, i.e., physical chemis1.a or ohernical physicists. In all oases, these individunls have been the subject of hiographical brestment and full page likenesses of most are included. These pictures alone are worth the mice of the hook. The hat, 80 pages are given over to useful charts and compilations. This hook is filled with valuable information, presented in a most readable way. I t is manufactured in a n outstanding fashion ~~~
RALPHE. O E ~ P E R Unlversittj of Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio, &,[email protected]?1 (Continued on page A 188)
book reviews Spectral Analysis: Techniques
Edited hy James A . Blackburn, University of Weterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. M ~ r c e l Dekker, Ine., New 289 pp. Figs. and York, 1970. xi tables. 16 X 23.5 em. 815.7.5.
"Spectral Analysis" is best described as a collection of essays on some important
sweets of linear anzlysis and numerical filtering, and some applications of these sobieets. This book should serve as a fair introduction to spectral analysis for the novice, and might serve as s, handy reference and (less SO)& bibliogmphy for the mare experienced reader. Most important,, in theory and practical example, "Spectral Analysis" is interdisciplinary. The first three of the eight chapters are devoted to developing a conceptual hasis for spectral analysis. The notion of a spectrum is operat,ionally defined in terms of periodicities in the aut,ocorrelstion of stochastic processes. This is, in principle, a fine approach, but this reviewer found that in addition to a glaring editorial error, the text in Chapter I was often beset with n lack of both mathemat,ical and intuitive depth. For example, while the concept of stationarity is well developed, ergodicity as an explicit srthject is ignored. I n f o c niation, trnnsfer functions, sampling and aliasing are rather well developed in Chapter I, nnd further developed in Chapters I1 and 111.
Journal o f Chemical Education
Chapter I1 is more specific and more satisfying to the reader. Three modes of analysis are presented: analysis by least squares, analysis by weighting functions, and analysis hy orthogonal (Fourier) ex~snsion. The section on analvsis bv equations, and some smatterings of matrix algebra. The l e a 4 squares analysis is broken into two subsections, the first. covering t,he case where t,he reference set is complete, and the second covering the case where the reference set is incomplete. The section on weighting functions examines some weighted least squares techniques, and in an example, questions their usefulness. With s. brief comment noting that best fit, in the least squares sense, of a finite series to a continuous function is the finite Fourier expansion of the fonction, the author brings the reader into Fourier (in particular, sisoidal) analysis. The relationship of the Fourier coefficient matrix to the least squares coefficient matrix is noted, and the orthogonality of the Fourier coefficients is demonstrated. Finally, the hlichelson interferometer is chosen aq s. practical example of Fomier Transform spectroscopy. Chapter 111 is an excellent presentation of some of the more modern problem of "the smoothing, interpolation and ext.rapolation of data!' Quantization errom, sampling requirements and concepts of numerical filters are treated well and in some detail. Filter design is especially well covered; several examples of generating carefully controlled transfer func-
tions using polynomial techniques are worked out in detail. Low pass, high p a s , band pass, differentiating and integrating filters a1.e discussed, including both the amplitude and phnse transfer characteristim of some of these filters. As Chapters I, 11, 111 set the grormdwork, Chapters IV-VIII develop applications over several field of study: p ~ ~ l s e height analysis (IV), biological applications (V), activation analysis (VI), mass spectroscopy (VII), and gamma. ray spectroscopy (VIII). While different readers will be attracted to dimerent snbiects., each indeed advances the discussion " of the early chapters and pioves informative. Chapter IV provides the most, detail, and in fact includes both theoretiral discussion and details of the computer prognm designed to implement the analysis. The chapter on neutron active, tion analysis inelodes a discussion on linear programming and the simplex method. The chapter on mass spectroscopy provides t,he render wit,h n solid working example of the least s q ~ ~ ~ ~ e s technique. In summary, most parts of this book are well done, but same parts are dissatisfying. The role of orthogonality in the transmission of information is not a t all discussed: therefore. the use of matrices in
concepts are not stressed well enough. In addition, the bibliographies should be much stronger. The material of Chapter
(Continued on oaoe A 1.70)
book reviews 11, for instance, has been covered differently and in greeter depth by other authors, and certainly the reader could benefit, by reference to them. Finally, while Chapter 111 contains perhaps some of the best mst,erid in t,he book, its references are not, in general, widely available, and the bibliography of Chapter 111 ignores entirely the recent works of Gold, Rader, Stockholm, etc., on digital filter design in the complexZ-plane.
oceanography. Of these hooks, only Horne is specifically directed toward the chemistry of seawater, and its greater detail, more profuse illustrations and reliance uoon ndvnneed chemical cconeeots
advanced graduate courses which presume extensive chemical background, Martin is most appropriately an introductory text or asoorce book for the non-specialist. CHARLES T. FOSKBTT Although he expressly intends to present Digilab, Inc. facts rather than theories, Dr. Martin 2.77 Pulnam Aue. succeeds in combining the two in s highly Cambridge, Mass. 02139 satisfactory balance. IIe also presents concise discussions of many particularly important problems which will serve t o Marina Chemistry, Volume 2: Theory stimulate student* and which delineate and Applications those area3 where future work is most Dean F . Martin. Universitv of South likely to effect changes in our present hypotheses. Florida, ~ a m ~ aMarcel .' ~ k k k e r Ine., , This book is printed by offset process New York, 1970. xi 451 pp. Figs. and tables. 15.5 X 23.5 cm. 89.50. from typewritten masters, and as n result, contains substantially less me.terial than This volume provides 8. sequel to the one would normally expect in n 4.50-page author's earlier work, "Marine Chemistry, work. Although this is partially compenVolume 1: Analytical Methods." It is sated for by the author's terse style, eomprimarily intended as a text for an intropared to a letterprens edition, the cost, ductorv course in marine ehemistrv a t ($9.50) appears disproportionately high. Nonspecialists in marine chemistry whose fields relate to chemical processes in the sea, will find this book a vabtable essentislly an expanded course syllabus source and reference work on their shelves. rather than a reference work, and the Its greatest value, however, will be as R. reader's first impression may be that it is text in the introductory roorses toward overly brief. The author presents his which i t is s~eeificsllvdirected. Here it material in capsule form, however, which will fill a lon&tanding gap in the literature enables him to provide a surprisingly and meet an important need. broad coverage of up-to-date material. His topics range from some of the most recent idean concerning the structure and properties of water itself to hypotheses of seawater genesis, nutrient cycles, and the extraction of mineral resources and drugs from the sea. Each chapter is aceompanied by a brief summary, explanatory notes which often include interesting background information, and a. list of New Volumes in Continuing Series selected references. I n every case, the The jollowing lilles are /hose of uolunres references include a t leest one recently i n ronlinuing series. Mang ql lhese published work with an ext,ensive bibliogswim are ,fmniliarlo readem who ore hesl raphy. Though primarily intended as a servrrl b y prompt a,moimcewenl qf lhe textbook, this combination of highly cannppearnnee ql the ncw lilles. Yhr policv densed text and selected bibliography ,!f T H I S J O U R N A L will br lo puhlish will make the book very useful as a refltdl rcuietus on/?, oj innugi~ralvo1,imes erence work for non-specialists who need i n now series. a ready source of basic information cancerning the chemistry of seawater, but who neither need nor seek s n exhaustive treatment. The book fills a pap in the chemical Physical Chemistry: A n Advanced
but "treats the subject in m~ch"gre& detail and presumes s suhstsntially greater fi~miliilritywith chemiealprinciples. Weyl ("Oceanography," John Wiley & Sons, 1970) is a much more comprehensive work inclnding discussions of marine geology and physical oceanography as well as marine chemistry, and while certain aspects of seawater chemistry are treated in depth compa.m.bl.ble to that offered by Martin, sohstsntislly fewer topics are discussed. Finally, Turekim ("Oceans,"
A 130 / Journal o f Chemical Education
Volume 10, Solid State
Edited by Wilhelm Jost, University of Gottingen, Germany. Academic Press 780 Inc., New York, 1970. xix pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 cm. 938.
Contributors: L. W . Bsrr; Richard H. Bnbe; G. Ertl; H. Gerischer; P. Hsasen; M . Krthlweit; F. A. Krsger; A. D. LeClaire; A. B. Lidiard; Otfried Xfadelnng; Hiroshi Sato; J. H. Sharp; M. Smith; Alarich Weiss; Helmut Witte. (Continued on page A1%)
book reviews Orgo& Chemistry. Volume 14, Carboxylic Orlho Acid Derivatives: Preparation and Synthetic Applications
Rohcrt H . De Wolfe, University of Cnlifomix, Santa Bnrbam. Edited by Alfred T.Biomr/uist, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Academic Press, Inc., Piew Yurk, 1970. ix 557 pp. Figs. mrd tables. 16 X 23.5 em. $25.
Edilod by R. H. F. Mnnske, UniRoysl Limited Ilesearch Laborxlory, Gnelph, Ontario, Cxuads. Academic Press, Inc. New Yark, 1070. riv 637 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 cm. 829.
Contribz~tols: E . CI. C. Clarke; L. H. Keith; I<.H. F. Xlxnske; 8. W. Pelletier; F. Sanbavg; J. E. Saxton; Frank L. Warren. Advancer in Chromatography. Volume 9
Edited by J . Cnloin Giddings, University oi Ulnh, Salt Lake Ciiy, and Roy A . I
(bnl~ibutors:Joseph Bomst,ein; E . Cermi; W. 11. Cooke; S t ~ m r tP. Cram; G. (ihrrsini; Charles Hishtn; Irwin Hornslein; Phillip Issenberg; I?. P. W. Scott.
Journal o f Chemical Education
Current Topics in Radiation Research. Volume 6
Edited by Michael Ebert and Alma Howard, Christie Hospital and Holt Iladinm Institute, Withington, Manchester, England. American Elsevier Publishing Co., Inc., New York, 1070. xi 412 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23 cm. $9.75.
Contributors: Robert Schiller; Ernest C. Pollsrd; John R. K . Savage; A. N. Raubh; D. K. Bcwley; Patricia J . Lindop; George Wiernik and Mary Plant. Physical Chemistry: An Advanced Treatise. Volume 5, Valency
Edited by Henry Ellring, University of Utah, Salt Lake City. Academic Press, 732 pp. Inc., New York, 1970. six Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 em. $20.
Contributors: C. A. Coulson; T. hl. D n m ~Wdt,er ; A. Harrison; Juergen Hinee; Sheng Hsien Lin; Herbert IT. Hyman; Taro Kiharn; Kenneth S. Pitaer; H. L. Sahlin; Harrison Shrill; E . Teller. Biochemical Society Symposia. Number 29, Natural Substances Formed Biologically from Mevalonic Acid
Edited hy T. W. Goodwin,University of Liverpool, Livwpoal, United Kingdom. Academic P r e s ~ ,Inc., New York, 1970. ix + 186 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 25.5 em. 55s.
Cmtributors: A. R. Battershy; E. Bogin; K. Bloch; A. F. Brodie; B. Z. Csvari; J . W. Cornforth; R. H. Cornforth; U. Glaor; L. J. Goad; F. W. Hemming; T. Higssbi; V. K d m ; P. Karlson; C. R. Krishns. Murt,i; E . Marques; R. A. Illorton; P. Phillips; G. Papjak; B. Revsin; H. Rudney; 0. Wiss; S. Yamamoto. Surfactant Science Series. Volume 3, Surfactant Biodegradation
Robert D . Swisher, h~lanssntaCa., St. Louis. Marcel llekker, Inc., New York, 1970. nxiii 496 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 cm. $33.50.
Chemistry and Physics of Carbon. Volume 6
Edited by Philip I,. Walker, Jr., Pennsylvanin State University, University Park. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1070. x 354 pp. Figs. and tables. 16 X 23.5 cm. $23.50.
Cmt~ibutors: N. N. Avgul; A. V Kiselev; D. E . Kline; Jacques Maire; Jacques MOring; B. R . Puri; R. E. Taylor. The Determination of Organic Peroxides
R. M . Johnson, Borough Polytechnic, London, and I . W. Siddiqi, St. Mary's Hospit,al, London. Volume 4 of "Monog r a p h ~in Organic Functional Group Analysis." Pergamon Press, Inc., New 119 pp. Figs. and York, 1970. ix tables. 16 X 21.5 om. $6.75.